Hassan II


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Hassan II

(hä`sän), 1929–99, king of Morocco (1961–99). Formerly crown prince Moulay Hassan ben Mohammed Alaoui, he ascended the throne on the death (1961) of his father, Muhammad VMuhammad V
(Sidi Muhammad ibn Youssef), 1910–61, king of Morocco (1957–61). He succeeded his father, Moulay Youssef, as sultan in 1927. An ardent nationalist, he was deposed and exiled (1953) by the French.
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. A graduate of the Univ. of Bordeaux, Hassan became chief of staff of the Moroccan army in 1957. In 1965 political unrest in Morocco caused him to assume full executive and legislative control, but an abortive coup (July, 1971) led him to yield some of his powers to the Moroccan parliament. King Hassan's monarchy survived a series of attempted coups that same year and throughout the 1970s as he maintained relative stability by suppressing dissent. In 1984 he appointed a coalition government. Internationally, Hassan pursued a neutralist course, aided in attempts at Middle Eastern peace with Israel, and for a long period of time managed to receive aid from both the West and Communist nations. In 1970, after high casualties in 1963, he reached agreement with Algeria over a long-contested border. After 1974 he sought to incorporate the former Spanish Sahara (now Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2015 est. pop. 526,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
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) into Morocco, challenging first the Spanish, then fighting Algerian-backed guerrilas seeking independence for the region. The king was succeeded by his son Muhammad VIMuhammad VI,
1963–, king of Morocco (1999–), formerly Muhammad ben Al-Hassan, crown prince Sidi Muhammad. He studied at Muhammad V Univ., Rabat, where he received bachelor's (1985) and master's (1988) degrees in law, and at the Univ.
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.

Hassan II

 

(Moulay Hassan). Born July 9, 1929, in Rabat. King of Morocco from 1961; descendant of the Alawite (Alaouite) dynasty. Eldest son of Muhammad V.

Hassan II graduated from the faculty of law of Bordeaux University in France in 1952. From 1955 to early 1956 he took part in the negotiations with France over the granting of independence to Morocco. After independence was proclaimed in 1956, Hassan was appointed chief of the general staff of the armed forces, vice premier, and minister of defense (May 1960 through February 1961). After the death of Muhammad V, Hassan II was proclaimed king and spiritual head of the Muslims of Morocco (Mar. 3, 1961). At the same time, he is supreme commander in chief of the armed forces and chief of the General Staff.

Hassan II

1929--1999, king of Morocco (1961--99)
References in periodicals archive ?
SAR la Princesse Lalla Meryem est egalement presidente de l'Union nationale des femmes du Maroc (UNFM), de l'Observatoire national des droits de l'enfant (ONDE), du parlement de l'enfant, de l'Association marocaine de soutien a l'UNICEF et de la Fondation Hassan II pour les Marocains residant a l'etranger.
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It was initiated by the late King of Morocco Hassan II. It is a series of sermons delivered before the king by the most important religious men and preachers in the world.
Mikko Ilonen of Finland plays from a bunker during day 2 of the Trophee Hassan II at Royal Golf Dar Es Salam yesterday in Rabat, Morocco.
The delegation included Omar Assobhei, President, University of Fez, Driss Mansouri, President, University Hassan II in Casablanca and Abdelilah Benmlih, Acting Dean of the Faculty of Letters and Sciences Dhar El Mehraz.
The MoU was inked between the Moroccan universities of Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah in Fes, Hassan II in Casablanca, and the international Islamic university of Islamabad.
Thursday Friday GOLF: The Trophee Hassan II, Rabat - Sky Sports 4 11.20am.
The top three professionals and leading amateur on tour will receive special invites to compete in the Omega Dubai Desert Classic and Hassan II Trophy, as well as an exemption for Asian Tour qualifying school.
Initially, the service will be available at the Arab League Park, Nevada Square, Casa Port Station, Hassan II University, Mohammed V Square, Hassan II Mosque, Moulay Abdallah Street, the Faculty of Medicine, United Nations Square, Derb Ghallef and Maarif/Twin Centres.