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Hassan II(hä`sän), 1929–99, king of Morocco (1961–99). Formerly crown prince Moulay Hassan ben Mohammed Alaoui, he ascended the throne on the death (1961) of his father, Muhammad VMuhammad V
(Sidi Muhammad ibn Youssef), 1910–61, king of Morocco (1957–61). He succeeded his father, Moulay Youssef, as sultan in 1927. An ardent nationalist, he was deposed and exiled (1953) by the French.
..... Click the link for more information. . A graduate of the Univ. of Bordeaux, Hassan became chief of staff of the Moroccan army in 1957. In 1965 political unrest in Morocco caused him to assume full executive and legislative control, but an abortive coup (July, 1971) led him to yield some of his powers to the Moroccan parliament. King Hassan's monarchy survived a series of attempted coups that same year and throughout the 1970s as he maintained relative stability by suppressing dissent. In 1984 he appointed a coalition government. Internationally, Hassan pursued a neutralist course, aided in attempts at Middle Eastern peace with Israel, and for a long period of time managed to receive aid from both the West and Communist nations. In 1970, after high casualties in 1963, he reached agreement with Algeria over a long-contested border. After 1974 he sought to incorporate the former Spanish Sahara (now Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2015 est. pop. 526,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
..... Click the link for more information. ) into Morocco, challenging first the Spanish, then fighting Algerian-backed guerrilas seeking independence for the region. The king was succeeded by his son Muhammad VIMuhammad VI,
1963–, king of Morocco (1999–), formerly Muhammad ben Al-Hassan, crown prince Sidi Muhammad. He studied at Muhammad V Univ., Rabat, where he received bachelor's (1985) and master's (1988) degrees in law, and at the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information. .
(Moulay Hassan). Born July 9, 1929, in Rabat. King of Morocco from 1961; descendant of the Alawite (Alaouite) dynasty. Eldest son of Muhammad V.
Hassan II graduated from the faculty of law of Bordeaux University in France in 1952. From 1955 to early 1956 he took part in the negotiations with France over the granting of independence to Morocco. After independence was proclaimed in 1956, Hassan was appointed chief of the general staff of the armed forces, vice premier, and minister of defense (May 1960 through February 1961). After the death of Muhammad V, Hassan II was proclaimed king and spiritual head of the Muslims of Morocco (Mar. 3, 1961). At the same time, he is supreme commander in chief of the armed forces and chief of the General Staff.