Hats


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hats

 

an 18th-century Swedish political party. Formed in the 1730’s, it represented the interests of certain elements in the nobility and of some leading members of the bourgeoisie, especially those living in the capital. The party sought to revenge Sweden’s defeat in the Northern War of 1700–21 and to restore the country’s influence in foreign affairs and its military might through the rapid development of industry and a rapprochement with France. The Hats came to power in 1738 after gaining a majority in the Riksdag and bringing down the government of A. Horn. Strong opposition to the party, however, arose as a result of Sweden’s defeat in the war with Russia of 1741–43, which the Hats had instigated, and the inflation and financial collapse caused by the country’s participation in the Seven Years’ War of 1756–63. In 1765 the Hats, who had become increasingly identified as the party Of the conservative nobility, were displaced from power by the party known as the Young Caps (seeCAPS). From 1769 to 1771 the Hats again had a majority in the Riksdag. The palace revolution of 1772 led to the abolition of political parties, including the Hats.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"You see, they want to get married," said the man with the clerical hat. "Maggie MacNab and young Todhunter want to get married.
It was a very ordinary black hat of the usual round shape, hard and much the worse for wear.
If he starts off with the top hat and umbrella the afternoon turns out fearfully hot, and the perspiration takes all the soap out of his mustache and converts the beautifully arranged curl over his forehead into a limp wisp resembling a lump of seaweed.
Lynde and going to church with buttercups round your hat I don't know what she'll think of you.
'Well, they tell me I am looking pretty blooming,' said the man with the cocked hat, 'and it's a wonder, too.
Blanche's name had barely passed her husband's lips before Blanche herself verified Sir Patrick's prediction, by reappearing at the open French window, with the superseded white hat in her hand.
The first proof he experienced of the fact, was conveyed in a hollow sound, immediately succeeded by the sudden flying off of his hat to the opposite end of the room.
"Lend Dandy your umbrella; he hates to burn his pretty nose."
STRAW HAT. I calculate you'll have got through that case of the corporation, Judge, by this time, now?
And Curdken went on telling the king what had happened upon the meadow where the geese fed; how his hat was blown away; and how he was forced to run after it, and to leave his flock of geese to themselves.
'I dare not,' said the other, 'for if I were to put my hat on straight, there would come such a frost that the very birds in the sky would freeze and fall dead on the earth.'
Kit acknowledged these expressions of confidence by touching his hat again and blushing very much.