Hatshepsut


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Hatshepsut

(hätshĕp`so͝ot), d. 1458 B.C., ruler of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty; eldest daughter of Thutmose IThutmose I
or Thothmes I
, d. 1495 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, third ruler of the XVIII dynasty; successor of Amenhotep I. He became king c.1525. In a great campaign he subjugated the valley of the Nile up to the Third Cataract (below the present Dongola).
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. She managed to rule Egypt by relegating her husband (and younger half-brother), Thutmose IIThutmose II
or Thothmes II
, reigned c.1495–1490 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, fourth ruler of the XVIII dynasty and the son and successor of Thutmose I. Unlike Hatshepsut, his half-sister whom he married, Thutmose II did not have a royal mother.
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, to the background during his brief reign. After his death, she continued in power as regent to his son, Thutmose IIIThutmose III
or Thothmes III
, d. 1436 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty; the successor of Thutmose II. After the death of Thutmose II, his wife Hatshepsut became regent for Thutmose III and relegated him to an inferior position for 22 years while she
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, and at some point was named pharoah. Thereafter she was regarded as a king rather than a queen and was often portrayed in pharaonic costume, including a false beard. Her reign (c.1479–1458) was peaceful, and she developed the resources of Egypt, encouraging trade and reviving the mining at Sinai. She also restored numerous monuments, initiated construction at Thebes, and built the famous mortuary temple at Deir el Bahari in W Thebes. After her death, however, all references to her on Egypt's monuments were obliterated, presumably by order of Thutmose III. In 2007 Egyptologists announced they believed they had identified her mummy.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hatshepsut

 

Egyptian queen from 1525 to 1503 B.C.

Hatshepsut was co-ruler with her stepbrother and husband, Thutmose II (pharaoh from 1525 to circa 1523), and with her stepson, Thumose III (pharaoh from 1525 to 1473). She deprived her co-rulers of power and officially declared herself pharaoh (artists later depicted Hatshepsut with the pharaonic beard). She was supported chiefly by the priesthood of Amon. During her reign, Egypt’s holdings in Palestine and Syria were practically lost, a trading expedition to Punt was prepared, and the construction of temples was intensified. After Hatshepsut’s death, Thutmose III, wishing to eradicate her memory, ordered her images and all inscriptions of her name to be obliterated.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hatshepsut

, Hatshepset
queen of Egypt of the l8th dynasty (?1512--1482 bc). She built a great mortuary temple at Deir el Bahri near Thebes
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Hatshepsut, or Hatchepsut, generally regarded as one of the most successful pharaohs, was the fifth monarch of the eighteen dynasty which dates back to 15th century B.C.
Queen Hatshepsut 'The woman who was King' and who ruled Egypt for over 20 years, was found to be fat.
Luxor Bazr owners cut off the road leading to the city's West Bank on Sunday, which includes prominent touristic monuments such as the Hatshepsut Temple, the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, in a move to pressure the government to exempt them from paying their bazr rents, said head of the Bazr Owners Association Bakri Abdel Gelil.
Seated Statue of Hatshepsut - CC via Wikimedia Commons/Rogers Fund CAIRO -- 26 March 2018: Hatshepsut the eldest of two daughters was born to King Thutmose and Queen Ahmse.
Cartouches of Queen Hatshepsut on the walls of the quarter
Discovered depiction of the Egyptian ruler Hatshepsut at Swansea University, Mar.
This follows research on the dried up contents of a small flask belonging to queen Hatshepsut, who ruled Upper Egypt in the 15th century BC, and which is now in the possession of the Egyptology museum of Bonn university, in western Germany.
Hatshepsut the eldest of two daughters was born to King Thutmose and Queen Ahmse.
Thousands of years after her death, scientists revealed that ancient Egyptian female pharaoh Hatshepsut died of cancer at the age of 50, according to Hussein Abdel Basser, director of Antiquities Museum of Bibliotheca Alexandria.
Also, I'm mad that Hatshepsut had to wear men's clothing, probably because people wouldn't take her seriously if she didn't.
In a surprise discovery, a rare depiction of Hatshepsut, one of the five female pharaohs that ruled over Egypt centuries ago, has been spotted on an artifact, which had been locked away in storage for decades.
The mysterious head of Hatshepsut, one of the most famous pharaohs in history, who came to the throne of Egypt in 1478 BC, is on two limestone fragments used during handling sessions atSwansea University's Egypt Centre.