Hattusas


Also found in: Dictionary.

Hattusas:

see BoğazköyBoğazköy
or Boghazkeui
, village, N central Turkey. Boğazköy (or Hattusas as it was called) was the chief center of the Hittite empire (1400–1200 B.C.), which was consolidated by Shubbiluliuma (fl. 1380 B.C.).
..... Click the link for more information.
; HittitesHittites
, ancient people of Asia Minor and Syria, who flourished from 1600 to 1200 B.C. The Hittites, a people of Indo-European connection, were supposed to have entered Cappadocia c.1800 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hattusas

 

(also Hattusa, Hattushash, or Khattusas; modern Boğazköy), the capital of the Hittite empire, located in what is now Turkey, 150 km from Ankara. Although the ruins were discovered in 1834, systematic excavations were only begun in 1906. Among the discoveries were the remains of fortress walls, a palace, temples, an aqueduct, dwellings, and other buildings. Also discovered was the Boğazköy Archive, containing a wealth of information.

The first mentions of Hattusas date to the second half of the third millennium B.C. In the 23rd century B.C., the city’s ruler Pamba joined a coalition against the Akkadian king Naram-sin. In the beginning of the second millennium B.C., Hattusas became one of the leading commercial centers of Anatolia. In the 18th century B.C., it was captured and destroyed by the Hittite king Anittas of the city of Kussara, but by the beginning of the 17th century B.C., it was rebuilt. The rivalry with Kussara ended in the transfer of the Hittite capital to Hattusas by the ruler Hattusilis I. During the reign of Hantilis I (late 16th century B.C.), a fortified wall was built around the city. In the 13th century B.C., Hattusas was plundered by Kaskan tribes, who inhabited the mountains of Pontus to the north and northeast of the Hittite empire, but during the rule of Hattusilis III, the city was again rebuilt. In the early 12th century B.C., Hattusas was attacked by the Peoples of the Sea, who destroyed the Hittite kingdom.

REFERENCES

Bogazköy-Hattuša, 1906–1955, [vols. 1–3], Leipzig, 1937–57.
Bittel, K. “Vorläufiger Bericht über die Ausgrabungen in Bogazköy.” Mitteilungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft, 1953–62, nos. 86–93.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Much like the Babylonian assemblies before them, these gatherings at Hattusas dealt with the more complex cases and had the power to convict even the most influential citizens (including the king) and condemn the guilty to death.
At Hattusas, as other historic sites, we engaged in banter with aggressive, hopeful and often irresistible souvenir sellers.
Meanwhile, Explore Worldwide presents a historical tour of another region of Turkey in Anatolia and the Turquoise Coast (twenty-two days from 765 [pounds sterling]), which includes the fortress cities of the Hittite empire (c.1500-1200 BC) at Hattusas the edifices of Roman Ephesus and Troy.
219), and for the next thirty years or so, tribesmen came down from the hills in the hinterland or sailed from the wilder shores of the Mediterranean to plunder and destroy rich cities such as Hattusas, Ugarit, and Mycenae.
The Turkish minister said he thought Germany would most probably give back sphinx from the Hattusas old settlement in central Turkey.
Besides, not eleven but fifty place names reasonably identifiable (onomastically and geographically) with Eblean ones occur in tablets excavated at Ras Shamra and originating at Ugarit itself, plus fifteen more in texts found at the same site but written in Hittite centers of power (Hattusas, Carchemish, and Alalah).