Hauge, Hans Nielsen

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hauge, Hans Nielsen

 

Born Apr. 3, 1771, on the Hauge estate, near Fredrikstad; died Mar. 29, 1824, on the Bredtvedt estate, southeastern Norway. Norwegian preacher.

A peasant’s son, Hauge was strongly influenced by pietism. After experiencing a spiritual crisis, he turned toward mysticism and in 1796 became a traveling preacher; by 1804 he had traversed the country eight times. Criticizing the internal condition of the state Lutheran church, he called for a religious renaissance. At the same time he was a successful entrepreneur, and in 1801 he became a city resident of Bergen. Hauge’s paper manufacturing enterprise in the Drammen district was for a time the center of the Hauge movement. Hauge was arrested several times; he was under investigative confinement from 1804 to 1811, during which time he lost everything he had and became seriously ill. In 1814 he was sentenced to pay a fine for illegal preaching. In the same year he took up residence on the Bredtvedt estate (the “Mecca” of the Hauge movement); there he regained his wealth and became the acknowledged leader of a religious movement.

WORKS

Udvalgte skrifter, 3rd ed. Bergen, 1910.
Skrifter. Oslo, 1947.

REFERENCE

Breistein, D. H. N. Hauge. Bergen, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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