Haviland, John

Haviland, John

(hăv`ĭlənd), 1792–1852, American architect, b. Philadelphia. Haviland was noted as a pioneer in prison architecture. His design for the Pennsylvania Eastern State Penitentiary was imitated internationally and heralded prison reform in the 19th cent. Haviland's prisons were characterized by light, airy cells occupied by a single inmate; his designs were soon outmoded by the rise of prison populations.

Haviland, John

(1792–1852)
English-born American architect who designed in a severe Greek Revival style and later incorporated Egyptian Revivalist elements. He became known as the greatest Egyptian Revivalist. His design for the Philadelphia Arcade was unmatched. He also designed the Eastern State Penitentiary (1821), which was a prototype for the radial plan prison, and the Franklin Institute (1825), both of which are in Philadelphia, PA.

Haviland, John

(1792–1852) architect; born in Gundenham Manor, Somerset, England. He emigrated to Philadelphia (1816) and published The Builder's Assistant (1818–21). His innovative radial-plan Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia (1821–37) influenced jail design worldwide.