Hawaiian Honeycreepers

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Hawaiian Honeycreepers


(Drepanididae), a family of birds of the order Passeriformes. The body is 11-21 cm long. Hawaiian honeycreepers are greenish, yellow, red, or black. All of them have a musky smell. The birds are a remarkable example of adaptive radiation within one family: in correlation with their predominant food (nectar and flower pollen, insects, or seeds), some species of Hawaiian honeycreepers have a thin, curved beak, others have an awllike beak, and still others have a massive beak like a parrot’s. The birds are found in trees and shrubs. There are 21 species, found only on the Hawaiian Islands.


Baldwin, P. H. “Annual Cycle, Environment and Evolution in the Hawaiian Honeycreepers.” University of California Publications in Zoology, 1953, vol. 52, pp. 285-398.
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Genetic structure along an elevational gradient in Hawaiian honeycreepers reveals contrasting evolutionary responses to avian malaria.
Genetic structure and evolved malaria resistance in Hawaiian honeycreepers.
Natural selection of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in Hawaiian honeycreepers (Drepanidinae).
Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers.
While Hawaiian honeycreepers generally boast feathers in exotic colors, the Poo-uli is a study in muted tones of brown, gray, and white.
My feeling on the Poo-uli is that they are not allied with the Hawaiian honeycreepers," he says, adding, "I don't know what they are:'
She's collected fossils of 14 different types of extinct Hawaiian honeycreepers.
The origin and evolution of the Hawaiian honeycreepers (Drepanididae).
Functional anatomy and adaptive evolution of the feeding apparatus in the Hawaiian honeycreeper genus Loxops (Drepanididae).
Pectoral appendage myology of the Hawaiian honeycreepers (Drepanididae).
Evolutionary relationships of the Hawaiian honeycreepers (Aves: Drepanidinae).
Convergent evolution of 'creepers' in the Hawaiian honeycreeper radiation.

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