Hawaiians


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Hawaiians

 

the native inhabitants of the Hawaiian Islands. They speak Hawaiian and have a knowledge of English. Anthropologically they are Polynesians. The invasion of Hawaii (beginning at the end of the 18th century) by European and American colonizers and, in particular, its seizure by the USA, has led to a sharp reduction of the indigenous Hawaiian population—from 250,000-300,000 to 10,000 (according to official inflated 1967 figures); according to other sources, the population has dwindled to 1,000-2,000. A large group of mixed-bloods (population, 105,000 in 1967) has formed as a result of the merging of Hawaiians with American, European, and Asian immigrants; some of these have preserved the Hawaiian language and certain elements of the Hawaiian culture. The Hawaiians and mixed-bloods work on sugar and pineapple plantations and provide tourist services. The present-day Hawaiians are Christians (Protestants of various denominations and Catholics).

REFERENCES

Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Tumarkin, D. D. Vtorzhenie kolonizatorov v “krai vechnoi vesny.” Moscow, 1964.

P. I. PUCHKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Last November, President Clinton issued a formal apology to Native Hawaiians fo the United States' overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, and for the annexation of the islands five years later.
The populist appeal of the Hawaiian sovereignty movement has always resided in local actions, usually against developers' plans to build another hotel, or highway, or condo complex.
Because of these deplorable conditions, and despite the fact that we are less than 20 per cent of the million-and-a-quarter residents of Hawai'i, native Hawaiians have begun to assert out status as a people.
Because of this long record of abuse, and because nationhood means self-determination and not wardship, Hawaiians are organizing and lobbying for return of the "trust" lands to the Hawaiian people.
The all-natural, fresh-fruit Hawaiian smoothies as well as gourmet hot chocolate are available all season at Shea Stadium, thanks to local Maui Wowi Hawaiian franchise owners Paul and Joanne Branca.
While available at many minor league stadiums, Shea Stadium marks the first professional baseball stadium to add Maui Wowi Hawaiian to its food and beverage offerings.
Hana may seem like a distant outpost today, but it is a place of lasting importance to both Hawaiian folklore and history.
an all-inclusive, entertainment think tank for features films, announced today that it has purchased the finished novel and screenplay, Kamehameha(c) by David Kahala, a Hawaiian Novelist.
For additional information on the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands project visit Http://gov.
The dancers made a trip to Kilauea volcano, currently the most active one in the islands, to explore the importance that Hawaiians place on the life-giving force of the volcanoes that created the mid-Pacific islands.
European and American traders transported Hawaiians to North America as labourers and crew; many later settled in the Pacific Northwest, such as on Salt Spring Island.
The white people wanted to Americanize Hawaiians totally.