Hawksbill Turtle


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Hawksbill Turtle

 

(Eretmochelys imbricata), a reptile of the family Chelonidae. The length of the shell is up to 85 cm. The dorsal shield is dark brown or chestnut colored with a yellow or rose design of spots and rays; the ventral shield is yellow.

The hawksbill turtle is found in all tropical and subtropical seas. It feeds on mollusks and fish, and partly on water plants. It leaves the water only during reproduction. Each year the female hawksbill turtles deposit more than 100 eggs on low sandy banks. The development lasts approximately 60 days. The horny shields which cover the hawksbill turtle’s shell (known as tortoiseshell) are highly valued and have long been an object of commerce. Hawksbill turtles are caught on the shore during reproduction, often before they can deposit their eggs. As a result of increased annihilation, the number of hawksbill turtles has decreased sharply. The flesh is not used as food.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hawksbill turtles, native to Gulf waters, are listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.
While certainly not back to the levels of 50 years ago when hawksbill turtles dug as many as 500 nests on Dubai's beaches -- from Palm Jumeirah to the Abu Dhabi border -- Al Suwaidi is overjoyed to see so many hawksbill females returning.
Hawksbill turtles nest on a number of islands in the UAE, with Sdiyat's deep sand beaches and natural dune system beyond the high tide line providing them with a good nesting habitat.
This year, for the first time, the project included the deployment of satellite transmitters on a number of hawksbill turtles in Halul Island to track their movements and behavior in the Gulf, says Shafeeq Hamza, Researcher at ESC who has been working with the Qatar Turtle project since 2009.
Hawksbill turtle numbers were far lower than green turtle counts, indicating that many conservation threats still exist for this species.
Summary: Female Hawksbill turtles can lay 100 to 150 eggs during each nesting season
In 2012, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) designated a 612-hectare area in Magsaysay as a critical habitat for hawksbill turtles.
In 2018, a total of 3,126 turtle hatchlings were produced from 95 nests laid on the beaches of Shangri-La Al Husn Resort & Spa and Shangri-La Barr Al Jissah Resort & Spa, with 51 hawksbill turtle nests and 44 green turtle nests.
The DENR said it welcomes the project because Punta Dumalag is actually the nesting site of hawksbill turtle.
DENR assistant secretary Ruth Tawantawan said the facility will really help the conservation of the Hawksbill turtles since they are already considered endangered species.
The sultanate has shouldered this responsibility as the most important place among the countries of the region for nesting sea turtles, particularly the loggerhead turtle, the green turtle, and the hawksbill turtle.
There are two more types of turtles, the Olive Turtle that put its eggs on the shores of Masirah Island in numbers up to 150 turtles annually, and the Hawksbill Turtle, which nestles on Masirah Island and the Dimaniyat Islands.