Hawthorne


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hawthorn

hawthorn, any species of the genus Crataegus of the family Rosaceae (rose family), shrubs and trees widely distributed in north temperate climates and especially common in E North America. They usually have thorns, clusters of white (rarely rose-colored) flowers in the spring, and colorful orange, red, or yellow (rarely blue or black) fruits in the fall. The fruits, called haws, resemble tiny apples; some are used in jellies. English hawthorns are of two species, C. oxyacantha and C. monogyna; the common American hawthorn, with bright red haws, is C. coccinea, called scarlet, or red, haw (as are other similar species). Hawthorns are cultivated for ornament and, especially in England, for hedges (haw also means hedge). Hawthorn wood is very hard and is used for such small items as tool handles.

In England, hawthorn flowers are associated with May Day, and the hawthorn (called also may, thorn, haw, whitethorn, and thorn apple) has long been used as a symbol of spring in English poetry. There are many legends surrounding the hawthorn, e.g., that of the Glastonbury thorn (see Glastonbury, England). A hawthorn is the state flower of Missouri. The black haw is a viburnum (see honeysuckle).

Hawthorn is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.

Bibliography

See study by B. Vaughn (2015).


Hawthorne

Hawthorne. 1 City (1990 pop. 71,349), Los Angeles co., S Calif., a suburb of Los Angeles; inc. 1922. Located in an oil- and gas-producing area, Hawthorne manufactures navigation systems, solar panels, electronic components, silicon instruments, and transportation equipment. 2 Borough (1990 pop. 17,084), Passaic co., NE N.J.; settled 1850, inc. 1898. Primarily a residential suburb of New York City, it has light manufacturing.
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Hawthorne

Nathaniel. 1804--64, US novelist and short-story writer: his works include the novels The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851) and the children's stories Tanglewood Tales (1853)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Overall, scholars of Hawthorne, literary and religious scholars, and scholars of the US nineteenth century will find The Book of Esther and the Typology of Female Transfiguration in American Literature to be valuable reading.
Condolences poured in on social media, both from the United States and Jamaica, after news of Hawthorne's suicide came under media attention.
Hawthorne said the Sioux City FBO is a key addition to its FBO network, which now has six FBOs located across the East Coast, Midwest and South, US.
As both a domestic and foreign tourist, Hawthorne had to contend with the ideological underpinnings of this aesthetic even as he found it compelling.
In a recent Sunday Mercury article, we revealed how Lance Corporal Hawthorne had belatedly been included on the Aldridge War Memorial after being cleared of cowardice.
The investment will add significantly to Hawthorne's asset base and Crown operates in a sector of the industry that is familiar to the company.
According to PW, the Hawthorne imprint will continue to acquire and publish new books to add to its backlist of about 40 titles.
Gold medals were claimed by Max Hawthorne, Megan Douglas and Jack Ross.
With this volume, Hawthorne joins a gradually expanding roster of American writers covered in Camden House's "Literary Criticism in Perspective" series, which features historical studies of critical and cultural reception.
Since the 1970s, scholars have returned to the data from follow-up experiments done at the Hawthorne plant and questioned the original findings, but the data from the initial studies, conducted in 1924 and 1925, were thought to have been lost.