Hay Baling

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hay Baling

 

the mechanized compaction of loose hay to form bundles, or bales, of various sizes and densities. In the USSR, hay is usually compacted into bales of 35 × 45 × 85 cm. With a moisture level of 20 percent during baling, a bale weighs between 30 and 45 kg (depending on the kind of hay). Baling is done by pick-up balers (from windrows) or stationary balers (from stacks and ricks).

Baling cuts harvest losses to a minimum during transport and preparation for storage. The volume of compacted hay is five to eight times less than that of loose hay. The most valuable parts of the plant (leaves and flowers), as well as its aroma, color, and vitamins (carotene), are preserved better in bales. Compacted hay is less hygroscopic and therefore less subject to spoilage from atmospheric precipitation than loose hay. Hay with moisture levels as high as 25 percent can be baled. It is best to compact hay that is uniform in composition: grass or legume (without admixtures of poor-drying forbs). In the USSR, 12 to 15 percent of the hay is compacted. In many Western European countries (Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Denmark), the United States, and Canada, most of the hay is baled.

REFERENCE

Senokosy i pastbishcha. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow, 1969.

A. P. MOVSISIANTS

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most hay baling equipment requires a tractor of at least 40HP, so is your tractor powerful enough to run these new tools, or will you need to buy another tractor?
This is my recollection of hay baling and threshing peanuts at the same time, starting in 1957.
THE Health and Safety Executive has warned on the dangers of working with hay baling machines following the deaths of two Staffordshire farmers.
His best known manufacturing contribution in the ag industry is the Vermeer round hay baler, an invention that revolutionized agriculture in 1971 as it turned the labor-intensive process of hay baling into a one-man operation.
Although the grunts know little about the science and details of hay baling, I will offer my best attempt at describing this form of agriculture torture.
Large Antique Flea Market, Arts & Crafts Show, Annual Midwest Model Exhibition, concessions on grounds, working demonstrations, hay baling, threshing, prony brake, rock crushing, shingle milling, silage cutting, saw milling, & rope making.
A MAN has died after an accident with a hay baling machine at a farm in Staffordshire.
- Featuring Daily Threshing and Stationary hay baling
29) Show features an antique tractor pull, steam and gas threshing, stationary engine display, hay baling, saw mill, shingle mill & planer, shingle branding, working blacksmith & machine shop, tractor balance, slow tractor race, parade of power, kids barrel ride, people mover, arts & crafts, steamed corn on the cob, Dutch oven bread baking, and musical entertainment.
The evolution of hay baling equipment was celebrated in a unique display put on last summer by the Old Steam and Gas Club, Adamsville, Ohio.