dormouse

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Related to Hazel Dormouse: Gliridae

dormouse,

name for Old World nocturnal rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 of the family Gliridae. There are many dormouse species, classified in several genera. Many resemble small squirrels. Dormice sleep deeply during the day, and European species hibernate for nearly six months of the year; their name is derived from the French dormir, "to sleep." Best known is the common dormouse, or hazelmouse, Muscardinus avellanarius, of Europe and W Asia, which resembles a mouse with a bushy tail. It is up to 4 in. (10 cm) long excluding the 2-in. (5-cm) tail, with rounded ears, large eyes, and thick, soft, reddish brown fur. Social animals, hazelmice build neighboring nests of leaves and grasses in bushes and thickets. They feed on insects, berries, seeds, and nuts, and are especially partial to hazelnuts. The European, or fat, dormouse, Glis glis, is the largest of the family reaching a length of 8 in. (20 cm) excluding the tail; it has a very thick coat of grayish fur and becomes extremely fat in autumn. It is found in forested regions of Europe and W Asia and lives in hollow trees. The ancient Romans raised it in captivity for food. There are many dormouse species in Africa. The spiny dormice of S Asia belong to a different rodent family, the Platacanthomyidae; they have spines mixed with their fur. The desert dormouse (Selevinia betpakolalensis) is placed in its own family, Seleviniidae. True dormice are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Gliridae.

dormouse

[′dȯr‚mau̇s]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name applied to members of the family Gliridae; they are Old World arboreal rodents intermediate between squirrels and rats.

dormouse

snoozes all through the mad tea-party. [Br. Lit.: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]
See: Sleep

dormouse

any small Old World rodent of the family Gliridae, esp the Eurasian Muscardinus avellanarius, resembling a mouse with a furry tail
References in periodicals archive ?
2013a: Feeding on the edge: the diet of the hazel dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius (Linnaeus 1758) on the northern periphery of its distributional range.
2001: The role of conifers in the ecology of the hazel dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius).
2012a: Hazel dormouse ecology in a pine plantation during restoration to broadleaves.
on the habitat and local population of the hazel dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius).
Movement studies on the hazel dormouse assumed that even small forest pathways function as a significant barrier (Bright et al.
In this study we present data from 2014 on the hazel dormouse at a junction of the federal motorway A21 and the federal highway B205 (Fig.
Although the hazel dormouse is regarded as a very strict arboreal species (Bright 1998), we got evidence that at least some animals repeatedly moved on the ground and that they did cross even broad roads up to 30 m.
If road mortality is a function of traffic density, road mortality at our study site should be low due to low traffic density during night which is the main activity period of the hazel dormouse.
Curiously no hazel dormouse population is known on the German mainland near Ruegen although the island was separated by the sound "Strelasund", which is several hundreds of meters in width, probably not before the Littorina Transgression at about 6800 cal.
With the ability to fall into torpor the hazel dormouse seems to be better adapted to such a challenging journey than several other small mammals.
The hazel dormouse is an arboreal woodland species strictly connected to woody vegetation (Juskaitis & Buchner 2013).
The hazel dormouse can be found on several parts of the island of Ruegen, separated by open sounds, huge arable fields and urban areas (Buchner et al.