Physical Exercise

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Physical Exercise

 

elementary body movements that are performed in series and as part of sports and other athletic activities. Physical exercises are systematized for the purpose of physical development. In physical education, exercises based on the movements of human labor, daily life, and battle, including running, walking, jumping, throwing, lifting, and swimming, have been developed and methodologically organized as gymnastics, track and field, weight lifting, athletic games, and touring. The different combinations and systems of physical exercise, the basic elements of sports, are included in programs of physical education at educational institutions and in state physical-culture programs, such as Ready for Labor and Defense of the USSR.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.