Health Education

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Health Education


a division of public health and medical science concerned with the development of the theory and practice of improving the population’s health awareness. The population is afforded a thorough knowledge of the fields of hygiene and preventive medicine and the appropriate hygienic and preventive rules that must be observed. Health education as a branch of science incorporates not only the medical disciplines but also sociology, psychology, and pedagogy. In practice, health education is presented through lectures, publications, radio, movies, television, people’s universities, and health schools.

Health education is provided by all developed countries to various extents. As part of the state public health system of the USSR, it was first developed in the 1920’s. It was important in resolving medical and health problems that developed in the 1920’s and 1930’s, including the control of epidemics, the protection of mothers and children, the control of social diseases, the improvement of urban and rural housing and institutional sanitation, and the prevention of occupational diseases and injuries. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 health education was instrumental in health protection and in soliciting blood donors. Later it addressed itself to eliminating the health aftereffects of the war.

In the USSR, health education is a requirement in every therapeutic and prophylactic and health and epidemiologic institution, and it is required of every medical worker. Republic, krai, oblast, and city houses of health education have both organizational and methodological functions; they constitute a special health education service with the appropriate offices of public health epidemiologic stations. In addition to public health agencies, cultural and educational institutions of the soviets of people’s deputies and trade unions, Znanie, the Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, educational agencies, and other organizations engage in the dissemination of medical and hygienic knowledge. An interdepartmental All-Union Council of Health Education and republic soviets of health education have been established to coordinate the work of the above organizations. Scientific research and methodology is directed by the Central Scientific Research Institute of Health Education of the Ministry of Public Health of the USSR, which was founded in 1928 in Moscow.

Outside the USSR, scientific research institutes of health education have been established in Prague and Bratislava in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, in Belgrade in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and in Dresden in the German Democratic Republic. National and regional centers function as scientific research institutions or major houses of health education in many socialist countries, including the Socialist Republic of Rumania, the Hungarian People’s Republic, and the Mongolian People’s Republic, and in many capitalist countries, including France, Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the USA.

The World Health organization has had a division of health education since 1940; this section works with UNESCO and the International Union for Health Education (IUHE), which was founded in 1951. The All-Union Council of Health Education joined the IUHE in 1957. The IUHE has held international conferences since 1951. Symposia attended by health education specialists from the European socialist countries have been held since 1964—in Budapest in 1964, in Rostock in 1967, in Moscow in 1970, and in Prague in 1974. The IUHE has published an international journal on health education in Geneva since 1958 entitled the International J ournal of Health Education.


Ocherki po istorii sovetskogo sanitarnogo prosveshcheniia. Moscow, 1960.
Sanitarnoe prosveshchenie. Moscow, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
The newly recruited health education officers were trained on theories and practice for health communication.
But) health education is often considered an ancillary subject, first to be cut in budget shortfalls.
The first explains the concept of health education based on skills.
Our core mission has been to be one of the best providers of health education to K-12 students in Indiana and this will continue, but our location will change," said Joel Perry, RLHEC Board Chair.
Question 3: how much attention is paid to health education components in the civics textbook in the sixth grade of elementary school?
Drawing on the success of the IAT's Health Education and Care for Medical Applications (HECMA) programme, Ghulmiyyah related how HECMA, which was introduced two years ago to select eight government schools for girls and IAT high schools (Grades 10 -12) in Abu Dhabi and Al Ain, are encouraging the youth to get into the sector.
Sexual health education in Ontario is covered under the Healthy Living strand of the elementary curricula (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2005) and the Healthy Growth and Sexuality strand of the Health and Physical Education secondary curricula (Ontario Ministry of Education, 1999, 2000).
Cash-strapped schools frequently cut back on health education programs and ask teachers trained in other subjects, such as science or physical education, to teach health education.
Although it is generally recognized that clinical skills are central to the practice of all health professions, clinical competence is rarely considered in tenure decisions in both nursing and allied health education.
Now he is hoping to raise pounds 84,000 to expand the centre's work into community health education.
Citizens for a Responsible Curriculum and the Parents and Friends of Ex-Gays and Gays challenged school officials when lessons about sexual orientation were to be added to the health education curriculum.
In the third phase, the promotoras schedule and conduct visits with their neighbors to provide culturally relevant environmental health education.

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