hypochondria

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hypochondria

(hī'pəkŏn`drēə), in psychology, a disorder characterized by an exaggeration of imagined or negligible physical ailment. The hypochondriac fears that such minor symptoms indicate a serious disease, and tends to be self-centered and socially withdrawn. Continually seeking professional help to reinforce his fears, the hypochondriac never feels he is receiving adequate care. Contemporary theorists have arrived at similar conclusions, suggesting that the physical ailments of hypochondriacs were a form of escape from psychological stress. The disorder is technically known as hypochondriasis, and is classified as a somatoform disorder, or one in which a psychological problem manifests itself in a physical ailment.

Bibliography

See S. Baur Hypochondria (1988).

hypochondria

[‚hī·pə′kän·drē·ə]
(psychology)

Hypochondria

Argan
character who suffers imaginary ills; determined to be an invalid. [Fr. Lit.: Le Malade Imaginaire]
Usher, Roderick
hypochondriac who invites friend to visit and comfort him. [Am. Lit.: “Fall of the House of Usher” in Benét, 338]

hypochondria

chronic abnormal anxiety concerning the state of one's health, even in the absence of any evidence of disease on medicalexamination
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers from Imperial College London (ICL) and King's College London are now calling for health anxiety to be more widely recognised as a condition.
Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI) scale in Turkish: Health Anxiety Inventory is a self-reporting scale developed by Salkovskis et al.
Health anxiety and attentional bias: The time course of vigilance and avoidance in light of pictorial illness information.
Some people with health anxiety have unexplained physical symptoms, such as chest pain or headaches, which they assume are a sign of serious disease despite the doctor's reassurance.
Health anxiety is also present in occurrence of anxiety disorders and forms the clinical picture as one of the components (3).
In the research, 219 people suffering from health anxiety got an average of six sessions of cognitive behavioural therapy while 225 received reassurance and support.
The item assesses how distressing or disabling health anxiety was over a fixed period and included: 'How often have you been distressed by health worries'.
Conclusion: CBGT could be an effective and selective psychotherapy to improve HRQOL and degree depression and health anxiety of IBS patients, but in this therapy, in addition to automatic thoughts, we should also consider to core beliefs and underlying assumptions to enhancement the efficacy of intervention.
WHAT TO DO If you can't stop Googling and panicking about what you find, you could be suffering from health anxiety, so go and see your GP, advises Dr Cundy.
Table 1 Number of Hits for Major Anxiety Instruments in PsycINFO (2000-2005) Rank Order f Beck Anxiety Inventory 148 Anxiety Sensitivity Index 125 Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale 80 State-Trait Anxiety Inventory- Children 78 Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale 66 State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Adults 55 Penn State Worry Questionnaire 51 Fear Survey Schedule 45 Test Anxiety Inventory 19 Taylor Manifest Anxiety Inventory 18 Worry Domains Questionnaire 16 Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale 14 Depression-Anxiety Stress Scale 12 Thought Control Questionnaire 10 Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales 7 IPAT Anxiety Scale 6 Anxiety Control Questionnaire 6 Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire 5 Health Anxiety Questionnaire 5
The researchers tested a four-step program on patients ages 60 to 65 and found that, along with mental health intervention, health anxiety can be relieved.

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