John Heartfield

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Heartfield, John


(real name Helmut Herzfelde). Born June 19, 1891, in Berlin; died there Apr. 26, 1968. German artist, poster artist, and designer.

Heartfield studied at the Munich School of Applied Arts from 1907 to 1911 and at the School of Crafts in the Charlottenburg section of Berlin from 1912 to 1914. In 1930 and 1931 he lived in the USSR, and from 1933 to 1950 he lived in Prague and London. He returned to the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1950. Heartfield created the proletarian antifascist, anti-imperialist photomontage poster. He also worked as a magazine illustrator, a designer for motion pictures, and a book illustrator. In 1957 he was awarded the National Prize of the GDR.


Tret’iakov, S., and S. Telingater. Dzhon Khartfil’d. [Moscow] 1936.
Herzfelde, W. John Heartfield. [2nd ed.] Dresden [1971].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lansdowne, Slater (Heartfield), Graves, Ward (Botfield), Branch, Dodd, Steele (Evans), Riddell Subs: Harrison MORPETH TOWN: Lowson, Fry, Reid, Sayer, J.
The technique of photomontage entered the vernacular of modern art in 1916, at the hands of the German Dadaists George Grosz and John Heartfield. Over the years, artists in every era and region, from Hannah Hoch to Aleksandr Rodchenko to Wangechi Mutu, have adopted the practice of splicing old images into new meanings.
World War II-era artists like John Heartfield collaged pictures in ways that made them read like a combination of photo and political cartoon.
Ian Heartfield, Executive Creative Director of BBH London said: 'Great ideas happen when people get together, more often than not the best of these ideas occur at night.
Perhaps because it is a centenary exhibit, concerned above all with commemoration, one of the main ideas is how quickly people who experienced the revolution firsthand and outsiders, such as John Heartfield, understood that the Russian Revolution was a landmark event in history.
Roy Heartfield was the original head of music at the college, who died in post in 1992, while Margaret Wharam was the former head of music at Malvern Hall and head organist at Solihull Methodist Church.
So I thought, 'why don't I just do a stencil of Hitler blowing his head off and have it say Follow Your Leader?' I got the image of Hitler from an old anti-fascist photomontage from the 1930s by John Heartfield (Hitler x- ray).
En Alemania el vitriolo dadaista se vuelve mas constructivo y compresible para el publico general, como se puede ver en la evolucion de los fotomontajes de John Heartfield o incluso en el cine de Hans Richter a traves de su pelicula Inflation (1928).
And their 12-year-old trombonist, Joe Heartfield, was named best soloist.
Heartfield (5) complements this discussion upon stating "hospital policies cut times for nurses" under the motto "quicker and sicker", that is, care more quickly for more people, which causes diminished time of interaction that is the crucial factor to establish and maintain trust, mutual understanding, and solution of problems." This restriction diminishes the possibility of caring and interacting with patients and poses a new dilemma, between disobeying the hospital dispositions substantiating the need for care or becoming involved with that policy of doing more with less, delegating on the family, and proposing new homecare schemes integrating informal caregivers and family members to promote self care.