Hebei


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Hebei

or

Hopei

(both: ho͝o-bā), province (2010 pop. 71,854.202), 78,900 sq mi (204,404 sq km), NE China, on the Bohai, an arm of the Yellow Sea. The capital is ShijiazhuangShijiazhuang
or Shih-chia-chuang
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,159,400), capital of Hebei prov., China, near the Shanxi province border. A small village until the turn of the century, when it became a railroad junction, it is now at the intersection of north-south and
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. The province contains two autonomous municipalities administered directly by the central government: BeijingBeijing
or Peking
, city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 19,612,368), capital of the People's Republic of China. It is in central Hebei prov., but constitutes an independent unit (6,564 sq mi/17,000 sq km) administered directly by the national government.
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, the capital of China, and TianjinTianjin
or Tientsin
, city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 12,938,224), NE China. In E central Hebei prov., it is a politically independent unit (4,400 sq mi/11,399 sq km) administered directly by the central government.
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, a major port. Another large port on the relatively unindented coast line is QinhuangdaoQinhuangdao
or Chinwangtao
, city (1994 est. pop. 412,500), NE Hebei prov., China, on the Bohai, an arm of the Yellow Sea. It is an ice-free port that exports large quantities of coal, peanuts, and soybeans.
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. Other important cities are TangshanTangshan
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,110,200), NE Hebei prov., China. A coal-mining center in the Kailan basin, Tangshan is also a major industrial hub with iron- and steelworks. It was completely destroyed by a massive earthquake on July 28, 1976.
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 and BaodingBaoding
or Paoting
, city (1994 est. pop. 519,200), central Hebei prov., China. It is a port on the Fu River and an agricultural distribution center, with food-processing and variety of other light industries. Baoding was the capital of Zhili prov. and then Hebei prov.
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. Hebei is mountainous in the north and the west, where rich iron and coal deposits are extensively mined. The province also has extensive deposits of oil and natural gas. S Hebei is part of the North China Plain. The land is fertile and rainfall is adequate, but until water conservation programs were instituted, the province was subject to severe drought and flooding. These recent improvements, along with the enlargement of farms and the expansion of mechanization, have greatly increased agricultural output. Hebei is a major cotton-producing province and an important producer of wheat. Other crops include rice, millet, sorghum, potatoes, sweet potatoes, barley, corn, soybeans, and fruit. Stock raising is important, and fishing and salt production are significant along the coast. Heavy industry (mainly metallurgical, iron and steel, machinery, and textile) is concentrated in and around Beijing, Tianjin, and Tangshan. Many light manufactures, such as ceramics, paper, and processed foods, are also produced in the province. With many good roads and railroad systems centering on Beijing, Tianjin, and Shijiazhuang, and with the Grand Canal and other excellent waterways, Hebei has one of the best communications systems in China. One of the earliest regions of Chinese settlement, Hebei has many prehistoric sites. Parts of the former provinces of Jehol and Chahar were incorporated into Hebei in 1956. The province was formerly called Chi and Chihli. Hebei Univ. is in Tianjin.

Hebei

, Hopeh, Hopei
a province of NE China, on the Gulf of Chihli: important for the production of winter wheat, cotton, and coal. Capital: Shijiazhuang. Pop.: 67 690 000 (2003 est.). Area: 202 700 sq. km (79 053 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
It may be mentioned here that China's Hebei Province, with its beautiful Capital, Shijiazhuang, is located to the north of the Yellow River and to the east of the Taihang Mountains.
Coleman, who guided Wales to the semi-finals of the European Championships in 2016, took over at Hebei last June following his dismissal by Sunderland.
Hebei China fortune just claimed a single victory in the Chinese Super League (CSL) games this year, leaving the team second from bottom in the 16-team league.
Xiongan New Area, located about 100km southwest of Beijing, was set up in April 2017, covering three counties in Hebei. It is a focal point in China's national strategy for the regional coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei.
According to official statistics, only Tibet, Xinjiang, Hainan and Hebei still have not recorded cases of African swine fever.
A senior delegation from Bahrain led by the Capital Governor Sheikh Hisham Bin Abdulrahman Al Khalifa and organised by the Bahrain Economic Development Board (EDB) met with XU Qin, Governor of Hebei and a number of local government officials and business leaders in Shijiazhuang.
A high-level delegation from Bahrain led by Capital Governor Shaikh Hisham bin Abdulrahman Al Khalifa and organised by Economic Development Board (EDB) met Xu Qin, Governor of Hebei, and a number of local government officials and business leaders in Shijiazhuang.
Capital Governor HE Sheikh Hisham Bin Abdulrahman Al Khalifa said, "Bahrain and Hebei share many things in common.
According to the CNRDS, HD centers in Hebei are mainly concentrated in non-tertiary institutions.
Beijing, Nov.8 (Petra) -- At least six people were killed and seven others injured, Wednesday night, in a explosion at a chemical fertilizers plant in China's northern Hebei province, local media reported.