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Related to Hebrides: Inner Hebrides
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an archipelago, part of Great Britain, in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Scotland and comprising approximately 500 islands, of which about 100 are inhabited. Total area, 7,500 sq km.

The Outer Hebrides are separated from the Inner Hebrides by the straits of The Minch and the Little Minch and by the Sea of the Hebrides. The Inner Hebrides include the islands of Skye, Mull, Islay, Jura, and Rum. The terrain consists mainly of rugged hilly and low mountain country (200-600 m), typically of Cenozoic effusive rock. On the islands of Skye and Mull individual cone-shaped peaks rise above the volcanic plateaus—for example, in the Cuillin Hills on Skye, which reach 1,009 m. In the Outer Hebrides, which include the islands of Lewis, North Uist, South Uist, and Barra, socle lowlands predominate (100-150 m), consisting primarily of Archaean rock (mostly gneiss). In some places there are small massifs rising to a height of 799 m and often containing Paleozoic intrusions. There are many traces of the Pleistocene glaciation, such as troughs, cirques and boulder belts. The islands have a damp maritime climate with average July temperatures of 12°-14° C and average January temperatures of 4°-6° C; annual precipitation is between 1,000 and 2,000 mm. The meadow soils consist of coarse humic and peaty turf. Steep, bare slopes are the rule, but now and then birch groves and heath may be seen, and peat bogs cover the gentler slopes. The population is engaged mainly in fishing and cattle breeding. Tweed manufacture and the tourist industry are also important.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It employs 2,300 people, many of them on the Hebrides. Farmed salmon is now Scotland's biggest food export with seven major Scottish farm producers including Mowi, Loch Duart, Greig Seafood, Wester Ross Salmon, Cooke Aquaculture, The Scottish Salmon Company and Scottish Sea Farms.
Hotel Hebrides owner Angus John MacLeod said one of the toilets is higher than the other to accommodate people with a disability.
The Rhine, Arctic, Galapagos Islands, Danube and Polynesia were also on the list - and all behind the Hebrides.
Follow the new Whale Trail through some of Scotland's most beautiful isles, and go island-hopping with our Focus on the wonders of the Inner Hebrides.
Discover Gaelic culture, history and spectacular landscapes on the main island of the Outer Hebrides. Making up two parts of the same island, Lewis and Harris are known for their mountains, rugged coastlines, and pristine beaches with white sand and turquoise seas that wouldn't look out of place in Thailand.
Being hosted for the first time outside London, the annual fundraiser has come to Scotland following support from HSY, Harris Tweed Hebrides, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and local Scottish Pakistani community donors.
Archaeologists report on their excavation at a Norse farmstead on the island of South Uist in the Outer Hebrides (Western Isles) of Scotland, which was occupied nearly continuously from 1000 to 1200.
Why cycle the Hebrides?: One of Europe's last untouched natural habitats, the Outer Hebrides offer an amazing experience.
Loganair is launching summer routes from Manchester Airport to north isles of Orkney and Shetland, and the Western Isles of the Outer Hebrides.
Situated on Europe's Atlantic edge, the Outer Hebrides are a diverse chain of inter-connected islands with their own unique way of life and an abundant assortment of attractions and entertainment.
CONTRACT wins in the Outer Hebrides and Cornwall are helping a construction firm go from strength to strength.