Hecataeus of Abdera


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Hecataeus of Abdera

 

Lived in the fourth and third centuries B.C. Ancient Greek historian who lived in Egypt during the reign of Ptolemy I.

Hecataeus of Abdera was the author of several works, including On the Hyperboreans, fragments of which have been preserved; On the Poetry of Homer and Hesiod, which has not been preserved; and History of Egypt, fragments of which remain. Hecataeus’ History of Egypt is an original philosophical Utopia, in which he describes a harmonious state headed by a benevolent king and priests who are guardians of wise laws. Hecataeus extolled the significance of Egyptian culture and declared that all ancient culture had its source in Egypt.

REFERENCES

Müller, C. Fragmenta historicorum graecorum, vol. 2. Paris, 1848. Pages 386-88.
In Russian translation:
In the collection A. O. Makovel’skii, “Gekatei iz Abdery.” Izv. Azerbaidzhanskogo un-ta, 1927, vols. 8-10, pp. 51-55.

I. A. STUCHEVSKII

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Grabbe thinks that the account of Hecataeus of Abdera, (c.
At the time when the Jews started to make themselves known through their migration to Alexandria, the Greek Hecataeus of Abdera made Moses a hero who founded a colony on the Greek model; as a response to this story a mysterious man called Artapan (an Egyptian Jew with a Persian name
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17) Hecataeus of Abdera centralized the story of Io and her descendants in his account, likewise reasserting the chronological priority of Egypt and emphasizing the cultural contributions that Egypt had made to world history.
Diodorus, a compiler and epitomator, is our main source for Hecataeus of Abdera and other Hellenistic historians, although he himself visited Egypt some time between 60-56 BCE.
The texts chosen include the writings of Hecataeus of Abdera, Aristeas, both the Hebrew and Greek versions of Ben Sira, Jubilees, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, and Pseudo-Philo.
Thanks to (**)Pseudo-Hecataeus, On the Jews(29) I now know that the ethnographer Hecataeus of Abdera was not the author of the sparse fragments and testimonia we owe to Josephus' attack on the anti-Jewish writers of the Roman period.
1-2 (Eusebius quotes Hecataeus of Abdera, Clearchus, and Choerilus of Samos, respectively, all of which he actually draws from Josephus, (Contra Apionem, which is directly quoted at IX.
179 Wehrli VII), entitled, [Unknown Words Omitted] or the [Unknown Words Omitted] of Duris of Samos (FGrHist 76 F 29), as well as the [Unknown Words Omitted] Hecataeus of Abdera (FGrHist 264 T 1).
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The title "Historical Library" sheds light on the nature of this "syntax," which relies immensely on the reading and compilation of earlier authors: Ephorus of Cyme (middle of the fourth century), Posidonius, Polybius, Agatharchides of Cnidus, Megasthenes for India, Hecataeus of Abdera on Egypt.
Hecataeus of Abdera, for instance, described the uniqueness of Jerusalem, its Temple, and people, as well as the success of Jewish society in preserving its ancestral traditions.