Hecker, Friedrich Franz Karl

Hecker, Friedrich Franz Karl

(frē`drĭkh fränts kärl hĕk`ər), 1811–81, German revolutionary. A lawyer, he was a leader of the radical republicans in the grand duchy of Baden and during the revolutionary agitation of 1847–49 in Germany, he helped organize the demands for democratic parliamentary government. Prior to the meeting of the Frankfurt ParliamentFrankfurt Parliament,
1848–49, national assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in Mar.
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 in 1848 he led an unsuccessful uprising in Baden, proclaiming a constitutional republic. Forced into exile, he settled permanently in the United States. A Republican, he supported Lincoln and fought in the Civil War.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hecker, Friedrich Franz Karl

 

Born Sept. 28, 1811, in Eichtersheim; died Mar. 24, 1881, in St. Louis, USA. German petit-bourgeois democrat. A lawyer by profession.

From 1842 to 1847, Hecker was one of the leaders of the far left in the Baden Landtag. He was also a leader of the far left in the Offenburg Assembly (1847) which formulated the program of the petit-bourgeois democrats. During the Revolution of 1848-49 he advocated the proclamation of a democratic republic in Germany. He was one of the leaders of the republican revolt in Baden in April 1848. After the revolt was put down, he emigrated to Switzerland and in the fall of 1848, to the USA. He participated in the United States Civil War (1861-65) as a colonel on the side of the Northern states.

WORKS

Die Erhebung des Volkes in Baden für die deutsche Republik im Frühjahr 1848. Basel, 1848.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 5, pp: 477-78; vol. 6, pp. 48, 54; vol. 7, p. 128; vol. 14, p. 413.
Revoliutsii 1848-1849, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1952. (See the index of names.)

S. SCHMIDT [German Democratic Republic; 6-552-1]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.