Italo Svevo

(redirected from Hector Aron Schmitz)
Italo Svevo
Aron Ettore Schmitz
BirthplaceTrieste, Austria-Hungary

Svevo, Italo


(pen name of Ettore Schmitz). Born Dec. 19, 1861, in Trieste; died Sept. 13, 1928, in Motta di Livenza, in the region of Venice. Italian writer.

Sevevo’s life and works were associated with Trieste. After his autobiographical novels A Life (1892) and As a Man Grows Older (1898) went unnoticed, he did not publish for 25 years. The realistic novel Confessions ofZeno (1923; Russian translation, 1972), which is permeated with an occasionally grotesque irony, revealed his talent for psychological self-examination. It satirizes both the hero’s own milieu of clever Trieste operators and bourgeois society in general. Svevo foresaw that technological progress would prove to be a mixed blessing for this society. It was only after the publication of Confessions of Zeno that Svevo gained recognition. In Western European literary studies he is regarded as a precursor of Joyce and Proust and a founder of the stream-of-consciousness literary method. However, his work is based on the traditions of the 19th-century realistic novel.


Opera omnia, vols. 1–3. Edited by B. Maier. Milan [1966–68].


Gramsci, A. “‘Otkrytie’ Italo Svevo.” In O literature i iskusstve. Moscow, 1967.
Khlodovskii, R. “Bolezn’ Dzeno.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1973, no. 6.
Lunetta, M. Invito alla lettura di Italo Svevo. Milan, 1972.
Spagnoletti, G. Svevo. Milan, 1972.