hedgerow

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hedgerow

a hedge of shrubs or low trees growing along a bank, esp one bordering a field or lane

Hedgerow

 

a row of shrubs or trees with thick interlocking crowns of the same height. Hedgerows are used in landscape architecture for protecting roads, for separating residential buildings from the street, and for framing avenues, squares, and boulevards. They are also used in landscaping gardens, parks, and city streets. In kolkhozes and sovkhozes hedgerows may serve as belts to separate areas and to prevent cattle from entering fields and gardens.

Hedgerows are divided into three groups according to height: the so-called borders (less than 1 m), medium hedge-rows (from 1 m to 3 m), and green walls (over 3 m). Irrespective of their height, hedgerows may either be kept in their natural state or trimmed regularly. Hedgerows may be formed from one, two, or several rows of varying heights (multilevel planting). Borders are used to frame parterres, flowerbeds, lawns, and park paths. In making borders, low shrubs with thick foliage and small leaves that grow slowly and withstand trimming well are used, including mahonia, cotoneaster, and arborvitae. For hedgerows of medium height, medium and tall shrubs, as well as the shrub forms of some trees, often hawthorn, dogwood, or honeysuckle, are used. Green walls are formed from freely growing trees and shrubs with naturally symmetrical crowns or with crowns that can be maintained in a definite shape by regular trimming. Green walls that are not trimmed are formed from trees with columnar crowns. Beech, spruce, poplar, and linden are used for green walls.

Hedgerows should be thick, compact, leafy at all heights, and geometrically regular in shape. Single-layer hedgerows make good backgrounds for flowerbeds and small garden landscapes. Multilayer hedgerows may consist of shrubs with leaves of one color or of contrasting colors, and untrimmed hedgerows are made from plants with beautiful flowers and fruit. In addition to ordinary hedgerows, trellises are also used in landscaping: rows of trees or shrubs that form a flat leafy lattice as a result of trimming, growing together, or the bending of runners in a particular direction. Trees are used for creating tall trellises, trellised avenues, and special formal designs.

I. P. IGNAT’EVA

hedgerow

Trees and shrubs in a row forming a fence which encloses or separates fields.
References in periodicals archive ?
This August, wildlife charity People's Trust for Endangered Species (PTES), is launching a new national survey, the Great British Hedgerow Survey, encouraging the UK to health-check the nation's hedgerows in an attempt to safeguard the future of this important habitat.
"We are busy replanting hedgerows, as many other people are across the country, because we realise they are so valuable.
As part of the planning agreement for The Hedgerows, Bellway will make financial contributions of more than [pounds sterling]460,000 towards local infrastructure and facilities, including education, biodiversity,highways, greenspace and healthcare.
So if you are thinking about adding a hedge to your garden, here's my top choice of native hedgerow species.
UC Agriculture and Natural Resources, UC Berkeley, UC Davis and local conservation groups have been studying hedgerows in the Sacramento Valley for two decades.
In some parts of the country since the Second World War, 50% of hedgerows have gone, while others are so badly managed that their value to wildlife is much reduced.
With a partner, it is easy to teach and drill around hedgerows; just have your buddy walk the far side of the row with dead pigeons in his vest.
Hawthorn hedgerows still grow in the green pastures of Normandy and England.
Hedgerows, cornflowers, clover and birdseed are planted near fields to attract insects, birds, rabbits, shrews and mice.
Cllr Goronwy Edwards, Conwy's cabinet member for communities, said many hedgerows and walls were in poor condition because fencing now dominates the landscape.
Hedgerows divided up the countryside into a patchwork of irregular shapes and varying shades of green, and local roads were little more than narrow lanes winding between farms, in some places resembling tunnels as the hedges on either side stretched above to meet and tangle, blocking out the sky.