Hedysarum


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Hedysarum

 

a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. They are perennial and, occasionally, annual grasses, low shrubs, and subshrubs. The leaves are odd-pinnate and have stipules. The flowers are pink, purple, or violet, and, rarely, white or yellow; they grow in axillary racemose inflorescences. The fruit is a segmented pod with two to eight flat or slightly swollen segments containing one seed. (The shape led to the Russian name, kopelchnik, or kopeck-plant.)

There are about 150 species in the temperate, and, occasion-ally, the arctic zones of Eurasia, North Africa, and North America. In the USSR there are more than 100 species, primarily in southern regions, on dry rocky, steppe-like, and meadow slopes and in thickets. In the European USSR the most common species is Hedysarum grandiflorum; in Siberia, H. gmelinii; in the arctic, H. arcticum, which serves as food for reindeer; and in Yakutia, H. vicioides.

REFERENCE

Fedchenko, B. A. “Kopeechnik— Hedysarum L.In Flora SSSR, vol. 13. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
Relevance of Fucose-rich Extracellular Polysaccharides produced by Rhizobium sullae strains nodulating Hedysarum coronarium L.
Metabolic properties, stress tolerance and macromolecular profiles of rhizobia Nodulating Hedysarum coronaruim.
ODP-Ia may also play a important role in the recovery of liver function and utilization of glucose as do other polysaccharides in Chinese drugs such as Phellinus linteus polysaccharides and Hedysarum polybotrys polysaccharides (Kim et al.
Interactions for pollination between two synchronously blooming Hedysarum species (Fabaceae) in Alaska.
1991) found that many different plant species were positively associated with the nitrogen-fixing Hedysarum boreale.
Forages were: alfalfa (1 hay, 2 fresh), barley (1 fresh), berseem (lfresh), barley-berseem mixture (1 fresh), Hedysarum carnosum D.
Distribution and grizzly bear, Ursus arctos, use of yellow sweetvetch, Hedysarum sulphurescens, in northwestern Montana and southeastern British Columbia.
1992) report superior rate of wool growth in sheep fed (tannin-containing) Hedysarum coronarium apparently due to increased post-ruminal supply of amino acids.
piperitum, Poa compressa and Trifolium rubens + in 6; Hedysarum coronarium, Gaudinia fragilis, Hypochaeris achyrophorus and Melilotus sulcata + in 7.
Detailed investigation of nitrogen dynamics in these soils is beyond the scope of this paper, but the legumes recorded at the study sites, Astralagus, Hedysarum, and Oxytropis spp.