Hegira


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Hegira

or

Hejira

(both: hĭjī`rə, hĕj`ərə) [Ar.,=Hijra=breaking off of relations], the departure of the prophet MuhammadMuhammad
[Arab.,=praised], 570?–632, the name of the Prophet of Islam, one of the great figures of history, b. Mecca. Early Life

Muhammad was the son of Abdallah ibn Abd al-Muttalib and his wife Amina, both of the Hashim clan of the dominant Kuraish (Quraysh)
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 from Mecca in Sept., 622. Muhammad was a monotheist and preached against the polytheism of the Meccan religion. This aroused the hostility of the merchant leaders of his native city, who derived much of their wealth from pilgrimages to Mecca and its surrounding cities. Forced to flee from his enemies, Muhammad went to Yathrib (later renamed MedinaMedina
, Arabic Medinat an-Nabi [city of the Prophet] or Madinat Rasul Allah [city of the apostle of Allah], city (1993 pop. 608,226), Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. It is situated c.
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), where he became ruler. The Muslim era is dated from the first day (July 16, 622, in the Western calendar) of the lunar year in which the Hegira took place, and the abbreviation A.H. is used with that year (A.H. 1) and subsequent years.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hegira

 

the emigration of Muhammad and his followers (muhajirun) from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina), which Muslim tradition dates at Sept. 8–21 (or 24), 622.

During the reign of the caliph Umar I (634–44), the year of the Hegira was proclaimed the first year in the Muslim era; hence, the Muslim era is also called the Hegira. Calendars of the lunar Hegira are used in many countries of the Near and Middle East and in certain other countries; calendars of the solar Hegira are used in Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, and elsewhere. When converted to the Gregorian system, the beginning of the lunar Hegira corresponds to July 16, 622, and that of the solar Hegira to Mar. 20–21, 622, the vernal equinox.

The Muslim lunar year contains 354 days, and the distribution of days by month in the Hegira calendars differs from the distribution in the Gregorian calendar (used virtually throughout the world), so that the translation of dates from the Hegira to the Gregorian system and vice versa requires special formulas and tables. For example, the year 1976 of the Gregorian calendar corresponds to 1396/1397 of the lunar Hegira and to 1355/1356 of the solar Hegira.

REFERENCES

Tsybul’skii, V. V. Sovremennye kalendari stran Blizhnego i Srednego Vostoka: Sinkhronisticheskie tablitsy ipoiasneniia. Moscow, 1964.
Seleshnikov, S. I. Istoriia kalendaria i khronologiia. Moscow, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hegira (Hijrah)

Muhammad’s flight from Mecca to Medina (622). [Islamic Hist.: EB, V: 39–40]
See: Escape
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hegira

, Hejira
1. the departure of Mohammed from Mecca to Medina in 622 ad; the starting point of the Muslim era
2. the Muslim era itself
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
* 4 Hegira: Out of the happenings and events of this year, special attention has been paid to the description of the wars of 'Banu Nazeer'16 and 'Zaat-ur-Reqa'a': introduction of prayer-in-terror: 17 prohibition of wine: marriage of the Holy Prophet (SAW) with 'Umm-e-Salma' (RA), etc.
Ashuraa commemorates the slaughter of Imam al-Hussein, the Prophet Muhammad's grandson, and his family and companions in the battle of Taf in Karbala in the Hegira year 61 (680 in the Gregorian calendar).
Summary: Rabat - HM King Mohammed VI, Commander of the faithful, received congratulatory messages from a number of Arab leaders on the occasion of the new Hegira year 1432.
(TAP) - President Beji Caid Essebsi chaired, on Friday evening July 1, 2016 corresponding to 26 of Ramadan, 1437 of Hegira, the ceremony of the Night of Destiny in the Zituna Mosque, announced the Facebook page of the Presidency of the Republic.
Summary: Rabat - Morocco will celebrate Eid Al-Adha (festival of sacrifice) on November 17 as Dhu al-Hijjah 1st, 1431 hegira corresponded to Monday, November 8th, 2010, the Islamic Affairs Ministry said on Sunday.
Tlili said an evaluation meeting will be held after the return of all pilgrims to learn lessons from pilgrimage in the 1435 year of Hegira as well as previous experiences to improve the quality of services provided to pilgrims and start from now preparations for the next seasons of Omra and Hajj.
Ashuraa is an occasion marking the death of Imam al-Hussein, the prophet Muhammad's grandson and the third holiest figure for Shiite Muslims, in the battle of Taf in Karbala in the Hegira year 61 (680 in the Gregorian calendar).
The royal speech will be aired on TV and radio on Saturday, Dhu-l-Qa'dah 28, 1431 hegira, corresponding to November 6, 2010 at 8.30 p.m.
5, 2010 (TAP) - The Mufti of the Republic announced in a communique that Monday, December 6 is the 30th day of Dhou Al-Hejja 1431 and that Tuesday, December 7, will be the first day of Mouharram of the new Hegira year 1432.
(After Hegira), the city played an important role in early Islamic history.
In commemorating the passing of the King Mohammed V, the leader of Moroccan nationalism, who passed away on Ramadan 10, 1380 Hegira (February 26, 1961), Moroccans show dedication to the memory of the late sovereign.