Heilongjiang


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Heilongjiang

or

Heilungkiang

(both: hā`lo͝ong`jyäng`) [Chin.,=black dragon river (the Amur)], province (2010 pop. 38,312,224), c.179,000 sq mi (463,730 sq km), NE China. The capital is HarbinHarbin
, Rus. Kharbin, city (1994 est. pop. 2,505,200), capital of Heilongjiang prov., China, on the Songhua River. It is the major trade and communications center of central Manchuria, the junction of the two most important railroads in Manchuria, and the main port on
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. Heilongjiang constitutes the northern part of the region known as Manchuria (the Northeast) and is separated from Russia by the Amur River in the north and the Ussuri in the east, and is bordered on the west by the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. Both the Da Hinggan (Greater Khingan) and Xiao Hinggan (Lesser Khingan) mountain ranges traverse the province; their heavily forested slopes contain some of the finest timber in China. Lumbering is a major industry; timber reserves have been damaged by excessive cutting. The south, which contains the agricultural, industrial, and economic base of the province, is watered by the Songhua, the Nen, the Hulan, and the Mudan rivers, and is known as the Manchurian or Northeast plain. It is a great wheat area; millet, sorghum, soybeans, sugar beets, and flax are also grown. Farming in Heilongjiang is highly mechanized, and vast reclamation projects have been instituted under the Communist government. The Chinese Eastern RR crosses S Heilongjiang and has many branches to the north; Harbin is the junction point with the South Manchurian railway system. Heilongjiang, which produces almost half of China's oil, contains the great Daqing oil field, first worked in 1959, but increasing Chinese demand for oil led in 2011 to the importation of oil to Daqing from Skovorodino, E Siberia, via pipeline. Major coal mines are in Jixi and Hegang. Iron and magnesite are also mined, and aluminum is produced. Gold is extracted in the Da and Xiao Hinggan. Harbin is one of the country's leading industrial centers, known especially for its heavy machinery. QiqiharQiqihar
or Tsitsihar
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,104,100), S central Heilongjiang prov., China, a port on the Nen River near the Da Hinggan Mts. It is connected by rail with Harbin, Shenyang (Mukden), and Dalian (Dairen) and is a processing center for soybeans, grain, and
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, JiamusiJiamusi
or Kiamusze
, city (1994 est. pop. 548,600), E Heilongjiang prov., China. It is the chief port on the lower reaches of the Songhua River. The significant heavy and light industries of Jiamusi are centered mainly on large state-owned factories that are
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, and MudanjiangMudanjiang
or Mutankiang
, city (1994 est. pop. 602,700), SE Heilongjiang prov., China. It is a railroad junction and a lumbering center in a rich timber region.
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 are also industrial cities, with manufactures ranging from processed foods to locomotives. The boundaries of Heilongjiang have been changed several times. The former provinces of Hinggan and Nenjiang were added to it in 1950 and Songjiang was incorporated in 1954. The northwest section, which became part of Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in 1949, was returned to Heilongjiang in the 1969–70 redistricting but subsequently restored to Inner Mongolia in 1979.

Heilongjiang

, Heilungkiang
a province of NE China, in Manchuria: coal-mining, with placer gold in some rivers. Capital: Harbin. Pop.: 38 150 000 (2003 est.). Area: 464 000 sq. km (179 000 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
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Heilongjiang Siberian Tiger Park, where about 1,000 Siberian tigers live, handpicks certain tigers to breed the next generation every year.
The fire at the Xinghua mine in the city of Jixi was brought under control on Saturday, and 21 bodies were recovered at the mine, owned by the Heilongjiang Longmay Mining Holding Group, the official Xinhua News Agency said.
The bilateral strategic cooperation will have significant impact and bring about new chances and set up new platforms, said E Zhongqi, who is also the chairman of China Council for the Promotion of International Trade Heilongjiang provincial council.
The second day of the summit took us to northeastern China, first to Harbin, the capital city of Heilongjiang Province, to visit the Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Mechanical Engineering and Science, followed by a bus ride to the Hongxing Farm in Beian City.
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China Digital TV Holding Co., Ltd (NYSE: STV) said it has reached an agreement with Heilongjiang Broadcast Television Network Co.
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