Heinrich Brugsch

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brugsch, Heinrich


Born Feb. 18, 1827, in Berlin; died there Sept. 9, 1894. German Egyptologist.

In 1853, Brugsch led an archaeological expedition to Egypt, and in 1864 he was appointed Prussian consul in Cairo. In 1868 he became a professor at the University of Göttingen, and from 1870 to 1879 he directed the School of Egyptology in Cairo. Brugsch published and studied many ancient Egyptian texts and compiled the first dictionary of the Egyptian language. His research provided the bases for and was a decisive factor in the decipherment of the demotic script (one of the forms of Egyptian cursive writing). The complete denial of an African cultural influence in Egypt was characteristic of Brugsch’s historical views; he depicted the masses of people as passive, and he ignored social movements. Egyptian culture is represented in his works as unchangeable and isolated from social and economic processes.


In Russian translation:
Egipet: Istoriia faraonov. St. Petersburg, 1880.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The engravings were deciphered for the first time by German Egyptologist Heinrich Brugsch in 1891 and it took 62 years for the mission to be completed.