Heinrich Ernst Bruns

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bruns, Heinrich Ernst


Born Sept. 4, 1848, in Berlin; died Sept. 23, 1919, in Leipzig. German astronomer, geodesist, and mathematician. Member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences (1906).

Bruns worked as a calculator at the Pulkovo Observatory from 1872 to 1873, and later (1873-76) as an observer at the Iur’ev Observatory. From 1882 he was director of the observatory and professor at the University of Leipzig. He developed a theory on the earth’s shape, worked out the problem of many bodies in celestial mechanics, wrote several books on probability theory and mathematical treatment of observations, and invented the theory of interpolation of statistical material, based on Chebyshev’s polynomials.


Die Figur der Erde. Berlin, 1878.
Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Kollektivmasslehre. Leipzig-Berlin, 1906
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.