Heinrich Hübschmann

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hübschmann, Heinrich


Born July 1, 1848, in Erfurt; died Jan. 21, 1908, in Strasbourg. German philologist. Representative of the neogrammarian school of comparative Indo-European philology. Professor at the University of Strasbourg.

Hübschmann was most celebrated as an Armenian and Iranian scholar. On the basis of sound correspondences, he was the first to establish the special position of the Armenian language, which had previously been related to the Iranian group, and the Iranian affinity of the Afghan (Pashto) language, which had been considered earlier as Indic or intermediate between the Indic and Iranian languages.


Zur Casuslehre. Munich, 1875.
“Über die Stellung des Armenischen im Kreise der indogermanischen Sprachen.” Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung der indogermanischen Sprachen, 1877, vol. 23.
“Iranische Studien.” Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschungder indogermanischen Sprachen, 1879, vol. 24.
Das indogermanische Vokalsystem. Strasbourg, 1885.
Etymologie und Lautlehre der ossetischen Sprache. Strasbourg, 1887.
Armenische Grammatik, 2nd ed. Leipzig, 1966.
Persische Studien. Strasbourg, 1895.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.