Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

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Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich


Born Jan. 12, 1746, in Zürich; died Feb. 17, 1827, in Brugg. Swiss educator and democrat. A founder of the study of teaching methods in elementary education.

Pestalozzi completed two programs of study at the Collegium Carolinum. He headed the home for the poor in Neuhof (1774–80), a school for orphans in Stans (1798-99), and institutes in Burgdorf (1800-04) and Yverdon (1805-25). He wrote numerous works on education, receiving worldwide acclaim for Leonard and Gertrude (1781-87), How Gertrude Teaches Her Children (1801), Letter to a Friend About a Sojourn in Stans (1799), and Swan Song (1826). In 1792, Pestalozzi was named a Citizen of the French Republic by the French legislature.

Pestalozzi’s world view combined ideas of the French philosophers of the Enlightenment, chiefly J.-J. Rousseau, with the theories of the German idealist philosophers, including G. W. von Leibniz, I. Kant, and J. G. Fichte. Pestalozzi believed that education should conform to human nature, developing the mental and physical strengths inherent in it in accordance with the child’s drive toward diverse activity. This development was to be brought about through sequential exercises done systematically and in a prescribed order, first at home and then at school. Pestalozzi’s theory of elementary education included intellectual, moral, physical, and vocational training, all closely interacting to produce harmonious human development. K. D. Ushinskii called Pestalozzi’s idea of developmental education a great discovery (Sobr. soch., vol. 3, 1948, p. 95).

Pestalozzi devised techniques for teaching children the basics of arithmetic, measurement, and speech. He significantly expanded the content of primary education to include drawing, singing, gymnastics, and elementary geometry and geography. He called for the creation of schools that “would satisfy the needs of the popular masses, be willingly accepted by them, and be to a significant extent the creation of their own hands” (N. K. Krupskaia, Ped. soch., vol. 1, 1957, p. 279).


Sämtliche Werke, vols. 1-17 A, 18-21, 23, 25. Edited by A. Buchenau, E. Spranger, H. Stettbacher, and E. Dejung. Berlin-Leipzig-Zürich, 1927-73.
Sämtliche Briefe, vols. 1-13. Edited by Pestalozzianum and the Zentral-bibliothek in Zürich. Zürich, 1946-71.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. pedagogicheskie proizvedeniia, vols. 1-3. Edited by M. F. Shchaba-eva. [Preparation of text, introduction, and notes by V. A. Rotenberg.] Moscow, 1961-65.


Krupskaia, N. K. “Pestalotstsi.” Pedagogicheskie sochineniia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1957.
Krupskaia, N. K. “K glave o Pestalotstsi.” Pedagogicheskie sochineniia, vol. 4. Moscow, 1959.
Pinkevich, A. P., and E. N. Medynskii. I. G. Pestalotstsi: Ego zhizn’, uchenie i vliianie na russkuiu pedagogiku. Moscow, 1927.
Pinkevich, A. P. I. G. Pestalotstsi. Moscow, 1933.
Rotenberg, V. A. “Pedagogicheskaia deiatel’nost’ I. G. Pestalotstsi.” Sovetskaia pedagogika, 1952, no. 3.
Rotenberg, V. A. “I. G. Pestalotstsi o soedinenii obucheniia s trudom i podgotovke k deiatel’nosti v promyshlennosti.” Sovetskaia pedagogika, 1962, no. 7.


References in periodicals archive ?
Examples of representative authors, listed in chronological order, include: John Amos Comenius (1592-1670), John Locke (1632-1704), Jean-Jacque Rousseau (1712-1778), Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827), Friedrich Frobel (1782-1852), Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776-1841), Maria Montessori (1870-1952) and Jerome Bruner (1915-2016).
The service to be provided includes the provision of transport services to and from the Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi School, a school with an emphasis on holistic development, 67346 Speyer, Kardinal-Wendel-Strae 9.
As ideias de Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827), surgidas a partir de suas experiencias no campo educacional, comecaram a repercutir na Prussia e em paises de lingua alema.
Influencia de los postulados de Jean Jacques Rousseau, Johan Heinrich Pestalozzi, Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, Johann Friedrich Herbart y Karl Marx sobre las Teorias de la Educacion de Siglos XX y XXI
Most prominent in the eighteen twenties and thirties, was the Swiss educator, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi.
Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) fue considerado el padre fundador de la escuela moderna.
A generalized prehistory of childhood education is presented before chapters on the biography and philosophical contributions of ogiantso informing the field in chronological order--John Amos Comenius, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Johan Heinrich Pestalozzi, Friedrich Frobel, Rudolf Steiner, Maria Montessori, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, and Lev Semenovitch Vygotsky.
Chapter One demonstrates how advice books (Caroline Rudolphi's Gemalde weiblicher Erziebung, 1807), reinterpretations of the educational reforms of Friedrich Frobel and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (Henriette Schrader-Breymann's Kindergarten reforms), and the novel (Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach's Das Gemeindekind, 1877), opened the door to women's active participation in public education.
Ya han pasado poco mas de dos siglos desde que vio la luz El metodo de Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) y casi un siglo, en 1915, desde que contamos con su traduccion al espanol gracias a Lorenzo Luzuriaga.
More than two hundred years ago the Swiss educational theorist Heinrich Pestalozzi emphasized the importance of pupil participation in education, and specified drawing, singing and model-making as areas in which children could be encouraged to develop their own individual tastes and energies: 'drawing', he claimed, 'ought to be a universal acquirement for the simple reason that the faculty is universally inherent in the constitution of the human mind'.
Spitzer incorporates the ideas of Kant, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, G.