Heinrich Rose

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Rose, Heinrich


Born Aug. 6, 1795, in Berlin; died there Jan. 27, 1864. German chemist. Member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences (1832). Brother of Gustav Rose.

Rose studied at the University of Berlin in 1819 and 1820 and worked with J. Berzelius. He became a professor at the university in 1823. He developed several methods of weight analysis and was responsible for the classical method of qualitative analysis using hydrogen sulfide. Independently of the British scientist C. Hatchett (1765–1847), Rose discovered (1844) an element, which he called niobium, in oxide form in columbite. Rose was a foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1829).


Handbuch der analytischen Chemie, 6th ed., vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1864–71.


Szabadváry, F. Geschichte der analytischen Chemie. Budapest, 1966. (See index of names.)
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Typical of young chemists of his generation, he spent a year in Germany where he studied in Berlin with Heinrich Rose and Eilhard Mitscherlich, and in Giessen with Justus Liebig.