Heinrich Wilhelm Dove

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dove, Heinrich Wilhelm


Born Oct. 6, 1803, in Liegnitz, now Legnica, Poland; died Apr. 4, 1879, in Berlin. German meteorologist and member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences (1837).

Dove was professor of physics at the universities of Königsberg (1826) and Berlin (1829) and director of the Prussian Meteorological Institute (1848). He studied the distribution of air temperature over the earth’s surface, the annual course of atmospheric pressure, and the nature of trade winds, monsoons, and cyclones in the middle latitudes. Dove’s principal theory was the idea that weather and climate result from the interaction and shift of polar and equatorial currents. Among Dove’s many students was A. I. Voeikov.


Meteorologische Untersuchungen. Berlin, 1837.
Über die nicht periodischen Änderungen der Temperaturvertheilung auf der Oberfläche der Erde, parts 1-5. Berlin, 1838-52. Temperaturtafeln. Berlin, 1848.
Verbreitung der Wärme auf der Oberflache der Erde. Berlin, 1852.
Die Monats- und Jahresisothermen in der Polarprojection. Berlin, 1864.
In Russian translation:
Zakon shtormov. St. Petersburg, 1869.


Khrgian, A. Kh. Ocherki razvitiia meteorologii, 2nd ed., vol. 1. Leningrad, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.