Heinrich von Treitschke


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Heinrich von Treitschke
Birthday
BirthplaceDresden, Kingdom of Saxony
Died
NationalityGerman
Occupation
Historian

Treitschke, Heinrich Von

 

Born Sept. 15,1834, in Dresden; died Apr. 28, 1896, in Berlin. German historian and public cist; one of the main representatives of the kleindeutsche school in bourgeois historiography. Member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Historiographer of the Prussian state (1886).

Treitschke edited the journal Preussische Jahrbücher from 1866 to 1889. From 1871 to 1884 he served as a deputy to the Reichstag; although at first he was a member of the right wing of the National Liberal Party, he joined the Moderate Conservatives in the late 1870’s.

Treitschke’s History of Germany in the 19th Century, which covers the years 1800 to 1848, is distorted and openly apologetic. An ideologist of reactionary Prussianism, chauvinism, and German expansion, Treitschke was in favor of the class alliance of the big bourgeoisie and the Junkers, and he supported the unification of Germany as advocated by the Junkers. His ideal was a strong monarchic state capable of fighting for world hegemony; he regarded the Hohenzollern monarchy as such a state.

Treitschke glorified brute force and war, and he played a significant role in the formation of the ideology of German imperialism. V. I. Lenin considered Treitschke to be one of a number of German “police-minded official historians” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 16, p. 9).

WORKS

Deutsche Geschichte im 19 Jahrhundert, vols. 1–5. Leipzig, 1879–94.
Politik, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1897–98.
Historische und politische Aufsätze, lst–8th eds., vols. l–t. Leipzig, 1903–21.
Ausgewählte Schriften, 7th ed., vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1918.

REFERENCES

Istoriografiia Novogo vremeni stran Evropy i Ameriki. [Moscow] 1967. (See Name Index.)
Schleier, H. Sybelund Treitschke. Berlin, 1965.

E. A. VOLINA

References in periodicals archive ?
Il carteggio tra Johann Gustav Droysen e Heinrich von Treitschke. In: Annali dell'Istituto Italiano per gli Studi Storici, v.
(39) Heinrich von Treitschke, "Luther und die deutsche Nation" Preussische Jahrbucher 52 (1883): 470.
This was a reasonable concept for the times but Tirpitz, largely inspired by the famous Berlin history professor Heinrich von Treitschke, had other ideas.
Indeed, the German professoriate inspired by the aforementioned fiery Heinrich von Treitschke (1834-1896) followed by his highly influential neo-Rankean successors at Berlin, Professors Max Lenz (1850-1932) and Erich Marcks (1861-1938) preached and sustained the orthodoxy of Germany's mission to supplant the British Empire in the world.
(5) Dos historiadores contemporaneos, leu a enorme Historia da Grecia de Ernst Curtius, a Historia de Roma de Theodor Mommsen e o primeiro volume da Historia da Alemanha de Heinrich von Treitschke. Para estas leituras, seguramente, contribuiu o fato de que alguns dos intelectuais de maior prestigio da Berlim daquele tempo frequentavam a casa dos Webers: o patriarca firmara amizade com Treitschke ja em sua epoca de estudante em Gottingen.
Tres historiadores tornam-se extremamente importantes para o estudante de direito Max Weber: Bernhard Erdmannsdorffer (Heidelberg), Hermann Baumgarten (Estrasburgo) e Heinrich von Treitschke (Berlin).
The antisemitism of liberal Bildungsburger--from whom it was least expected and thus most painful--reached a high point with the publication of Heinrich von Treitschke's article "Unsere Aussichten" in November 1879, which triggered the Berliner Antisemitismusstreit.
Ao longo do seculo XIX, a HZ reuniu os principais representantes da historiografia alema, contando com artigos produzidos por renomados historiadores como Leopold von Ranke, Johann Gustav Droysen, Georg Waitz, Theodor Mommsen, Heinrich von Treitschke, Heinrich von Sybel, Hermann Baumgarten, Friedrich Meinecke, Wilhelm Maurenbrecher e Georg Voigt.
Contudo, ela era integrada ainda por Sybel, por Friedrich Hermann, por Ludwig Aegidi, por Rudolf Haym e por Heinrich von Treitschke. Nem todos eram prussianos, Treitschke, por exemplo, era da Saxonia.