Heinse, Johann Jakob Wilhelm

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Heinse, Johann Jakob Wilhelm


Born Feb. 16, 1746, in Langewiesen, Thuringia; died June 22, 1803, in Aschaffenburg. German writer.

Heinse studied law at Jena and Erfurt. He began his career as a writer by imitating C.M. Wieland and then wrote verse in the Anacreontic tradition. Later he became a major representative of the Sturm und Drang movement. His novel Ardinghello, or the Islands of Happiness (vols. 1–2, 1787; Russian translation, 1935), which glorifies sensuality and beauty in the spirit of the Renaissance, culminates in a social utopia.

Heinse expounded his views on music in the novel Hildegard von Hohenthal (vols. 1–3, 1795–96). In On Some Pictures in the Düsseldorf Gallery (1776–77) and other works on aesthetics, Heinse opposed classicism and affirmed the uniqueness of each people’s culture. Heinse’s works and aesthetic theories were for the most part preromantic in character.


Sämtliche Werke, vols. 1–10. Leipzig, 1902–25.


Baeumer, M. L. Heinse-Studien. Stuttgart, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.