Heinz Wilhelm Guderian

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Guderian, Heinz Wilhelm


Born June 17, 1888, in Kulm, now Chehnno, Poland; died May 15, 1954, in Schwangau, Bavaria. Colonel general in the fascist German Army (1940) and military theorist.

Guderian graduated from a military school in 1907 and a military academy in 1914. During World War I (1914–18) he was a staff officer. After the war he was in the Reichswehr and from 1922, in the motorized troops. Between 1935 and 1938 he was commander of a panzer division and an army corps. In 1938–39 he was chief of mobile troops. In his books, Achtung! Panzer! (1937) and Die Panzertruppen und ihr Zusammenwirken mit den anderen Waffen (Panzer Troops and Their Coordination With Other Combat Arms, 1937; Russian translation, 1940), he allotted the chief role in the outcome of modern warfare to the massive use of tanks. At the beginning of World War II in 1939–40, he commanded a panzer corps, and in June 1940 became commander of the Second Panzer Group (from October 1941, the Second Panzer Army). In December 1941 he was removed from his post for the defeat near Moscow and was relegated to the reserves. In March 1943 he became inspector general of panzer troops. From July 1944 through March 1945 he was chief of the General Staff of Infantry. He was taken prisoner by the Americans and soon released. In the 1950’s he advocated the restoration of the prewar borders and of the military power of Germany as a bulwark in the struggle against Communism. He is the author of memoirs (Russian translation, Tanki-vpered!, 1957).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Indian concept of division-sized Integrated Battle Groups (IBGs) was first conceived by the father of German Blitzkrieg General Heinz Guderian in his book 'Achtung Panzer' (1937).
Keitel, Jodl and von Kluge all sabotaged and starved Colonel-General Heinz Guderian of assets because they feared that the Panzerwaffe he pioneered would encroach upon the artillery's ability to win Iron Crosses.
The German tanks were in the hands of Heinz Guderian, who carefully studied how to utilize tanks in an unconventional manner.
That same day, Weintraub shows us, at Adolf Hitler's lavish Wolfsschanze ("Wolf's Lair") bunker in East Prussia, Field Marshal Gunther von Kluge reported that he had dismissed veteran officer General Heinz Guderian, whom he claimed had retreated during battle to spare the lives of his soldiers.
When my panzers start on a journey," boasted General Heinz Guderian, master of armoured warfare, "they have a ticket to the terminus.
Much of the myth can be laid at the doors of the reporter William Shirer, whose description of the 'skirmish at Krojanty' is lurid and misunderstands the concept, and of General Heinz Guderian who in his memoirs was prone to exaggerate Polish backwardness in comparison to the Wehrmacht's technological prowess.
In May 1940 he took part in the last major counter-offensive by the British against the German invaders around the French town of Arras, where they faced attack from tanks commanded by German Panzer tactical genius and 'father of the Blitzkrieg' Heinz Guderian, a rising but as yet unknown star called Rommel, and an SS Totenkopf division.
General Heinz Guderian studied the tank's performance in WWI and knew that no one arm could achieve every battlefield mission.
Everyone knows that Heinz Guderian (1888-1954) was the father of the German armored force and brilliant practitioner of Blitzkrieg maneuver warfare, but Hart (history, Hawaii Pacific U.
Thinkers and practitioners such as Gen Heinz Guderian of Germany developed a new doctrine of massing tanks and aircraft at critical points to break through enemy lines and disrupt rear areas.
5) By contrast, the German military, under the guidance of Colonel, later General, Heinz Guderian, had embraced radio technology wholeheartedly.
Field Marshall's Hans von Seekt, Irwin Rommel and Heinz Guderian (a signal branch officer), are all given credit for inventing and perfecting the Blitzkrieg tactic with military scholars giving the lions share of the credit to Guderian the signalman.