Helen Suzman


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Suzman, Helen,

1917–2009, South African politician and anti-apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 activist, b. Helen Gavronsky, grad. Univ. of Witwatersrand (1940). The daughter of Lithuanian Jewish immigrants, she taught at her alma mater (1945–52) and was elected (1953) to parliament as a member of the opposition United party. Unhappy with the party's tolerance of racial segregation, she helped found (1959) the liberal Progressive party. Fearless and outspoken in debate and the only member of her party in parliament from 1961 to 1974, Suzman was long the lone voice in parliament openly opposed to apartheid. In 1967 she first visited the Robben Island prison, where many black activists were held. She met and befriended Nelson MandelaMandela, Nelson Rolihlahla
, 1918–2013, South African statesman. He earned a degree (B.A., 1943) after being expelled from the University College of Fort Hare (for taking part in a student protest) and finishing his studies with the Univ.
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 there, returned frequently, and worked to improve the prison's appalling conditions. Suzman retired from parliament in 1989 and served as president of the South African Institute of Race Relations (1991–93) and a member of the Human Rights Commission (1995–96).

Bibliography

See her memoir, In No Uncertain Terms (1993); study by M. Pimstone (1973, repr. 2005).

References in periodicals archive ?
With this award, which has been given since 1985, De Lima joins such world luminaries as Vaclav Havel (Czechoslovakia), Aung San Suu Kyi (Myanmar), Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan), Helen Suzman (South Africa), Mary Robinson (Ireland), as well as our own Corazon Aquino.
The Presidents decision follows a request by Freedom Under Law and the Helen Suzman Foundation for the President to suspend the three advocates pending an inquiry into their fitness to hold office.
Readers will hear the story of Aung San Suu Kyi, a woman who fought for democracy in the corrupt military regime of Burma / Myanmar, as well as Helen Suzman, a South African Member of Parliament who joined forces with Nelson Mandela to fight apartheid.
Read about Sophie and Hans Scholl who distributed anti-government pamphlets in Nazi Germany, Rosa Parks who refused to give up her seat on a bus, Helen Suzman who fought apartheid in South Africa and other equally inspirational stories.
Likewise, when Helen Suzman first decided to run as a member of Parliament in Apartheid South Africa, her thoughts were these: "I'll never win, so there's no harm in trying.
His concern was echoed by, among others, the Helen Suzman Foundation which highlighted the societal and fiscal impact of the proposals.
Mr Baker also the coalition to that of late South African anti-apartheid MP Helen Suzman.
DEATHS BILL Stone, one of three World War I survivors, 108, Dai Llewellyn, 62, John Mortimer, 85, Patrick (Prisoner) McGoohan, 80, sixties songster Dave Dee, 66, TV's David Vine, 74, and Reg Gutteridge, 84, author John Updike, 76, cricket scorer Bill Frindall, 69, and anti-apartheid campaigner Helen Suzman, 91.
The obituaries were published between 1991 and 2009 and the range is awe inspiring: the anti-apartheid campaigner, Helen Suzman, the Indian maharajah (of Kutch) who became a politician in Independent India, Sir Garfield Todd, Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia who foolishly supported Mugabe, the Malawian dictator, Hastings Banda who wore morning dress in his red Rolls Royce, the painter, Yousuf Karsh, Sir Edmund Hillary, Queen Susan of Albania, whose father was an Australian grazier and on and on it goes.