This has always been the case in mission (think of Justin Martyr, Origen, The Heliand
, Cyril and Methodius, Matteo Ricci), even though not always practised.
In this excerpt from his forthcoming book, Tree of Salvation, Murphy explores how those who introduced Christianity to Scandinavia deliberately adapted and "translated" Norse religious motifs and practices in two parallel ways--through literary works, especially as seen in the Heliand
, but also through church art and architecture.
Conner, Perspectives on the Old Saxon Heliand
collects, in five sections, ten articles by European and American scholars, nine previously published (all but one since 2000), and four translated from German.
of California at Berkeley) that began with the investigation of the age and authorship of the Old Saxon Heliand
manuscript fragment--the Heliand
being an epic poem and biblical paraphrase that recounts the life of Jesus in the style of Germanic saga--which was found in Leipzig in 2006 and claimed to be the oldest Heliand
manuscript fragment found to date by its discoverer.
Studying mythic monsters appearing in the Heliand
(mid-ninth century), the crane beaks in Herzog Ernst B (ca.
Under' in this formula probably means 'through' or 'within' rather than 'under'; compare '(inn) under eor[eth]weall', meaning 'within the earth-mound', in Beowulf, lines 2957a and 3090a, and 'in under eodoras', meaning something like 'into or within the precincts', in line 1037 and Genesis, lines 2447 and 2489, and 'undar ederos' used in the same sense in Heliand
, line 4943.
In this paper, I examine one strand of these exchanges and propose a missionary context for the Old English Genesis B, the Old Saxon Heliand
, and the fragmentary Vatican Genesis.
51-56, and the biography by his son Hans-Windekilde Jannasch, Unter Hottentotten und Eskimos: Das Leben meines Vaters (Luneburg: Heliand
The verb is also attested in the coeval Old Saxon poem Heliand
Murphy's previous scholarship on the Germanic-Christian epic The Heliand
and his knowledge of such texts as Wolfram's Romance of Parzifal provide him with pertinent design patterns.
The Old Saxon Heliand
is one of the most unusual accounts of the Christian gospel story a modern reader may encounter, justly famous for the strange admixture of Germanic spirit to the story of Christ, the Savior.
, WITH APPROPRIATE ALLITERATION, calls the cross on Calvary a bom an berege, a 'tree on a mountain,' an appropriate designation with which to begin this study of the relationship between a tree and a church.