Heliconidae

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Heliconidae

 

a subfamily of diurnal butterflies of the family Nymphalidae. There are about 200 species; they are widespread throughout tropical America. The Heliconidae are comparatively large (with a wingspread in some instances of over 6 cm), narrow-winged butterflies, brightly colored (a colorful design on a generally black background); the body of the caterpillars is covered with branched thorns. The bad odor and sharp taste of the substances excreted by the Heliconidae render them inedible and thereby protect them from birds and other enemies. The bright coloring of the Heliconidae is one of the classic examples of the so-called warning coloration. The morphological resemblance to the Heliconidae of butterflies belonging to other families (which do not secrete caustic substances) furnishes proof of their adaptive imitation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
BATES, H.W., 1861.--XXXII Contribution to an Insect Fauna of the Amazon Valley, Lepidoptera, Heliconidae. London.
Lepidoptera: Heliconidae," Transactions of the Linnean Society London, vol.
Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley (Lepidoptera: Heliconidae).
Blum (1994) examinou os perigos potenciais da ingestao de insetos toxicos, fornecendo varios exemplos de insetos que devem ser evitados como alimento, tais como insetos cianogenicos (e.g., algumas borboletas das familias Nymphalidae e Heliconidae e alguns besouros das familias Chrysomelidae e Cicindellidae), vesicantes (e.g., mariposas do genero Lonomia e o meloideo Lytta vesicatoria L.), produtores de esteroides anabolicos (e.g., Ilybius fenestratus E, Dysticidae), de glicosideos cardiacos (Chrysomelidae), de pirenos esteroidais (Lampyridae) e de corticosteroides (e.g., Dytiscus marginalis F, Dysticidae), de alcaloides necrotoxicos (e.g., formigas do subgenero Solenopsis) e de tolueno (e.g., cerambicideos dos generos Syllitus e Stenocentrus).
Estudio total No DE MUESTRAS ORDEN FAMILIA TOTAL POSITIVAS No No % Lepidoptera 324 78 24.1 Arctiidae 32 5 15.6 Doidae 5 3 60 Heliconidae 6 2 33.3 Lasiocampidae 1 1 100 Limacodidae 8 2 25 Lymantriidae 3 1 33.3 Megalopygidae 5 2 40 Notodontidae 26 7 26.9 Nymphalidae 34 11 32.4 Papilionidae 8 1 12.5 Pieridae 12 2 16.7 Pyralidae 14 3 21.4 Riodinidae 6 2 33.3 Saturniidae 134 32 23.9 Sphingidae 30 4 13.3 Hymenoptera 110 17 15.5 Apidae 3 2 66.7 Formicidae 16 3 18.8 Vespidae 86 10 11.6 N.I.