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(hē'lēōdôr`əs), fl. 175 B.C., Syrian statesman. The treasurer of Seleucus IV (Seleucus Philopator), he murdered the king and attempted unsuccessfully to usurp the throne. According to the Book of Second Maccabees, he entered the Temple at Jerusalem but was prevented from taking the treasure by three angels.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Dates of birth and death unknown. Greek writer of the third century, author of the novel Aethiopica, the story of the love and adventures of the Aethiopian princess Chariclea and the Thessalian youth Theagenes. In Europe the novel has been known since 1534, when it was first published. It served as a model for novels of gallantry and adventure of the 17th and 18th centuries.


Les Ethiopiques (Théagène et Chariclée), vols. 1-3. Paris, 1935-43. In Russian translation, Efiopika. Introduction and commentary by A. Egunov. Moscow, 1965.


Istoriia grecheskoi literatury, vol. 3. Edited by S. I. Sobolevskii [and others]. Moscow, 1960. Pages 268-71.
Oeftering, M. Heliodor und seine Bedeutung für die Literatur, Berlin, 1901.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Syrian official attempted to loot Solomon’s temple. [Apocrypha: II Maccabees 3]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The subsection titled 'Hellenistic romance', for instance, focuses on Boccaccio's 'Tale of Gostanza' and the Old French Floire et Blancheflor as examples of 'Hellenistic Mediterranean narrative', at the expense of the group of the five actual instances of Hellenistic prose romance that survive, the narratives by Chariton, Xenophon, Achilles Tatius, Longus, and Heliodorus (48).
(Baumgarten, 2016) From Odysseus to Oedipus, Greeks have loved their tests of masculinity; Heliodorus of Emesa wrote of the performative nature of masculinity, Achilles Tatius interrogated the traditional codes of gender, and Homer was all about testing who's best, in both the Trojan war and, even more importantly, on the journey back home.
Among the topics are Zeus as (rider of) the thunderbolt: a brief remark on some of his epithets, a note on [Aristotle] Problemata 26.61: spider webs as weather signs, Charicleia's identity and the structure of Heliodorus' Aethiopica, granting Epicurean wisdom at Rome: exchange and reciprocity in Lucretius' didactic (De Rerum Natura 1.921-950), and four passages in Propertius' last book of elegies.
Mairs sets in counter-point two splendid epigraphic texts: an acrostic epitaph in highly stylized, poetic Greek for a certain Sophytos, son of Naratos, both Indian names; and the pillar of Heliodorus, son of Dion, ambassador of the Indo-Greek king Antialcidas, inscribed with a Prakrit votive dedication.
He also presented a painting of Heliodorus Pillar, erected in the 2nd century by Heliodorus, the Ambassador of Indo-Greek King Antialcidas near Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh and a sculpture replica of Buddha belonging to Kushan period, 2nd century A.D.
In the novel there are no giants of the sort in Renaissance Romances like Felixmarte de Hircania, or in Byzantine romances like the giant at the end of Heliodorus's own Aethiopica.
This likely would have led to war, but it was Seleukos IV's turn to perish at the hands of a conspiracy, murdered by his chief minister, one Heliodorus. This crime has remained a mystery for over 2,000 years.
(3) Two scholars attempted to compose a bibliography for several Greek novelists: Gesner (1970:145-162) and Plazenet (1997:685-702) provide a long list for Heliodorus, Achilles Tatius, and Longus, in France and Britain during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Of Chrysostom and Basil, she says, "you praised" or "you upraised" them; of others (Heliodorus, Synesius, Gregory of Nazianzen), "we both praised [them]" (11.
The Greeks created what we now call novels at the beginning of the Common Era, peaking in the fourth century with the greatest of them, Heliodorus's Ethiopian Story.
The latter falls into the genre of the "Greek romance" or "Byzantine novel" of which the most prominent example is An Ethiopian Tale by Heliodorus, variously dated to the third or fourth century AD, and widely influential in subsequent European literature.
Power doesn't mention the influence of Heliodorus on late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century fiction writers like Aphra Behn and Charles Gildon, through whom the influence of ancient prose on Henry Fielding must necessarily have been filtered.