Heliotherapy


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Heliotherapy

 

the use of the sun’s rays for therapeutic and preventive medical purposes; a form of phototherapy. The body is affected by the sun’s visible light rays and invisible rays— infrared and the more biologically active ultraviolet rays.

Heliotherapeutic treatment consists in the use of sun baths, as a result of which the skin acquires a tan, metabolic processes and immunity are activated, and hematopoiesis, tissue nutrition, general health, appetite, and sleep improve. Heliotherapy has an antirachitic effect and increases the body’s resistance. Sunbaths are taken in special areas removed or protected (by plantings) from sources of dust and noise. During the winter, they are taken on special verandas, which are covered with materials permitting the passage of ultraviolet rays.

Excessive exposure to the sun’s rays may lead to burns, sunstroke, cardiovascular and nervous disorders, and the exacerbation of chronic inflammatory processes. Heliotherapy is contrain-dicated in cases of neoplasms, active forms of tuberculosis of the lungs, pronounced heart failure, hyperactivity of the thyroid gland, and certain other diseases.

REFERENCE

Parfenov, A. P. Solnechnoe golodanie cheloveka. Leningrad, 1963.

T. M. KAMENETSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
10) devised the concept of MED per hour (MED/h) to overcome these issues when using heliotherapy in the Dead Sea basin.
Before these data are translated to clinical benefits, normalization of vitamin D levels by enrichment of food and heliotherapy along with supplementation of dietary calcium could help in improving bone health and also Crohn's disease to some extent.
Primitivism was characteristic of the various cults of the sun that emerged at the end of the nineteenth century, running parallel to and converging with the medical discipline of heliotherapy.
However, as our increasingly pharmaceutically oriented medical profession developed powerful, infection-fighting antibiotics and drugs, and as milk and other foods were supplemented with vitamin D, heliotherapy faded to the background.
Rollier found many other diseases responded to heliotherapy, including anemia, fungus infections, rheumatoid arthritis, skin diseases, rectal diseases, and upper respiratory infections.
Another therapeutic factor of the zone is the medicinal mud situated at 0,5 -1m depth; it is used for cure, spread on the body followed by heliotherapy.
According to Dr Dinesh Kartha, Chief Consultant, Al Shifa Natural Treatment Centre, Ajman, naturopaths use diverse means to treat a person, including herbal supplements, dietary supplements, nutritional products, fasting, massage, hydrotherapy, mud therapy, chromo therapy, heliotherapy and magneto therapy.
True (A) or false (B)--click on the correct answer: Heliotherapy (the medicinal use of natural sunlight) has been practised only in the last 5 years.
A supporter of heliotherapy, Thomas says that natural sunlight and tanning bed light are comparable and that lots of people need sun or UV light for its vitamin D supply.
Holick also serves as the director of the Heliotherapy Light and Skin Research Center at the Boston University of Medicine, which is dedicated to the study of both the positive and negative effects of sun and UV-light exposure on the body.
Balneo-climatherapy may be applied in combination thermomineral baths with heliotherapy.