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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the use of the sun’s rays for therapeutic and preventive medical purposes; a form of phototherapy. The body is affected by the sun’s visible light rays and invisible rays— infrared and the more biologically active ultraviolet rays.

Heliotherapeutic treatment consists in the use of sun baths, as a result of which the skin acquires a tan, metabolic processes and immunity are activated, and hematopoiesis, tissue nutrition, general health, appetite, and sleep improve. Heliotherapy has an antirachitic effect and increases the body’s resistance. Sunbaths are taken in special areas removed or protected (by plantings) from sources of dust and noise. During the winter, they are taken on special verandas, which are covered with materials permitting the passage of ultraviolet rays.

Excessive exposure to the sun’s rays may lead to burns, sunstroke, cardiovascular and nervous disorders, and the exacerbation of chronic inflammatory processes. Heliotherapy is contrain-dicated in cases of neoplasms, active forms of tuberculosis of the lungs, pronounced heart failure, hyperactivity of the thyroid gland, and certain other diseases.


Parfenov, A. P. Solnechnoe golodanie cheloveka. Leningrad, 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(10) devised the concept of MED per hour (MED/h) to overcome these issues when using heliotherapy in the Dead Sea basin.
The doctor prescribing the heliotherapy can therefore quantify and adjust exposure to sunlight.
Before these data are translated to clinical benefits, normalization of vitamin D levels by enrichment of food and heliotherapy along with supplementation of dietary calcium could help in improving bone health and also Crohn's disease to some extent.
Primitivism was characteristic of the various cults of the sun that emerged at the end of the nineteenth century, running parallel to and converging with the medical discipline of heliotherapy. Long before the hedonists of the roaring twenties took it up, sun-worship was central to a lifestyle ideal of a decidedly different and unglamorous kind: back-to-nature nudism.
However, as our increasingly pharmaceutically oriented medical profession developed powerful, infection-fighting antibiotics and drugs, and as milk and other foods were supplemented with vitamin D, heliotherapy faded to the background.
Rollier found many other diseases responded to heliotherapy, including anemia, fungus infections, rheumatoid arthritis, skin diseases, rectal diseases, and upper respiratory infections.
True (A) or false (B)--click on the correct answer: Heliotherapy (the medicinal use of natural sunlight) has been practised only in the last 5 years.
Balneo-climatherapy may be applied in combination thermomineral baths with heliotherapy.
Developing through the 20th century as Little Bromwich Hospital, in the 1930s, it focused on heliotherapy techniques for children with TB, which involved exposing them to the sunlight.
It turns out that the unique geographical and climatic features present at the Dead Sea permit appliance of climatotherapy, including heliotherapy, thalassotherapy, pelotherapy and balneotherapy, separately or in combination, in an effective way, for a variety of diseases.
Standard protocols for psoriasis heliotherapy provided 6-7 hours of daily exposure (progressively reached), for a period of 28 days.
The term "Dead Sea Climatotherapy" includes several medically supervised treatment modalities: heliotherapy (sun exposure), balneotherapy and pelotherapy, hydrotherapy, physiotherapy, sport and physical training, with the optimal use of unique climatic factors.