Heliotropium


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Heliotropium

 

a genus of plants of the Boraginaceae family. They are shrubs, underbrush, and herbs with alternate leaves. The blossoms are small and gathered into scrolls; the corolla is white or violet, with a short tube and a pentapartate limb. The fruit breaks into four nutlike parts. There are approximately 220 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions, more rarely in the south of the temperate zone. In the USSR there are 22 species, which grow in Middle Asia (chiefly), in the Caucusus, the southern European part of Russia, and in the Altai; they grow on dry slopes, often in alkaline soils and weedy places. Some species of Heliotropium (H. europaeum, H. lasiocarpum) contain a poisonous alkaloid, cynoglossin, that causes affection of the nervous system (paralysis) in animals. Well-known among cultivated Heliotropium are ornamental varieties with pleasant scents, descended from wild-growing underbrush in Peru—H. peruvianum and H. corymbosum. The flowers of Heliotropium contain a fragrant volatile oil.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Others are Grewia pubescens (Afoforo); Heliotropium indicum (Ogberi-akuko); Ipomoea involucrate (Alukerese); Jatropha curcas (physic nut, Botuje or lapalapa); Jatropha gossypiifolia (wild cassava or Botuje pupa); Musanga cecreopioides (umbrella tree or Aga); Opuntia dillenii (prickly pear or Oro agogo); leaves of Portulaca oleraceae (Esinsan-Omode) and sugarcane.
To add sunshine to a drab wall, go for yellow blooms of calibrachoa and matching eyes of marguerites with contrasting purple blooms of petunia and cherry pie-scented heliotropium.
The ministry's laboratory have detected concentration of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in some herbs such as Senecio, Heliotropium, Crotalia and Trichodesma, Assistant Undersecretary for Medicine and Food Control Dr.
Martens & Lantana confiturilla Galeotti Heliotropium torreyi I.M.
Phenolic composition and biological (anti diabetic and antioxidant) activities of different solvent extracts of an endemic plant (Heliotropium strigosum).
Las muestras que se discuten en este trabajo han sido recolectadas con trampas de luz, utilizando en algunos casos lamparas de vapor de mercurio, lamparas de luz mixta y en pocos casos, cebos de Heliotropium sp.
The collected plants were consist of different wild species which are as follow, True indigo (Indigo feratinctoria), Sugar cane (Saccharium officinarum), Greater plantain (Plantago majo), Harmel (Peganum harmala), Kerda (Capparis decidua), Baker (Sophramolli), Common blue violet (Viola sororia), Basket flower (Centaurea uniflora), Bermude gran (Cynodon dactylon), Poa (Poa annua), Horse weed ( Conyza canadensis), Sage brush (Artemisia tridintata), Babylon willow (Salix babylonia), Indian heliotripi (Heliotropium indicum), London racket (Sisymbrium Iris) and Knot weed (Polygonum coccineum).