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the culture, ideals, and pattern of life of ancient Greece in classical times. It usually means primarily the culture of AthensAthens
, Gr. Athínai, city (1991 pop. 2,907,179; 1991 urban agglomeration pop. 3,072,922), capital of Greece, E central Greece, on the plain of Attica, between the Kifisós and Ilissus rivers, near the Saronic Gulf. Mt. Aigáleos (1,534 ft/468 m), Mt.
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 and the related cities during the Age of Pericles. The term is also applied to the ideals of later writers and thinkers who draw their inspiration from ancient Greece. Frequently it is contrasted with Hebraism—Hellenism then meaning pagan joy, freedom, and love of life as contrasted with the austere morality and monotheism of the Old Testament. The Hellenic period came to an end with the conquest of Alexander the Great in the 4th cent. B.C. It was succeeded by the Hellenistic civilizationHellenistic civilization.
The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism immediately over the Middle East and far into Asia. After his death in 323 B.C., the influence of Greek civilization continued to expand over the Mediterranean world and W Asia.
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. See GreeceGreece,
Gr. Hellas or Ellas, officially Hellenic Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 11,218,000), 50,944 sq mi (131,945 sq km), SE Europe. It occupies the southernmost part of the Balkan Peninsula and borders on the Ionian Sea in the west, on the Mediterranean Sea
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; Greek architectureGreek architecture
the art of building that arose on the shores of the Aegean Sea and flourished in the ancient world. Origins of Greek Architecture

Palaces of the Minoan civilization remain at Knossos and Phaestus on Crete.
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; Greek artGreek art,
works of art produced in the Aegean basin, a center of artistic activity from very early times (see Aegean civilization). This article covers the art of ancient Greece from its beginnings through the Hellenistic period.
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; Greek literature, ancientGreek literature, ancient,
the writings of the ancient Greeks. The Greek Isles are recognized as the birthplace of Western intellectual life. Early Writings

The earliest extant European literary works are the Iliad and the Odyssey,
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; Greek religionGreek religion,
religious beliefs and practices of the ancient inhabitants of the region of Greece. Origins

Although its exact origins are lost in time, Greek religion is thought to date from about the period of the Aryan invasions of the 2d millennium B.C.
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See R. Warner, Eternal Greece (rev. ed. 1962); D. Garman, tr., A Literary History of Greece (1964); J. Ferguson, The Heritage of Hellenism (1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


1. the principles, ideals, and pursuits associated with classical Greek civilization
2. the spirit or national character of the Greeks
3. conformity to, imitation of, or devotion to the culture of ancient Greece
4. the cosmopolitan civilization of the Hellenistic world
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
I have argued elsewhere that, "filled with the Holy Spirit" (7:55a), Stephen's apologetic for a Messianic faith that was foundationally based upon but not reducible to narrow Jewish concerns itself was informed, at least in part, by his Hellenist experience and perspective beyond the borders of Judea." (28) Thus Stephen's own sojourns from around the Mediterranean world (we are not informed about where specifically he hailed) enabled his appreciation of Abraham's journey from Mesopotamia, through Haran and the land of the Chaldeans, not to mention the dynamic history of the Abrahamic brood leading up to and then settling through Egypt (7:2-19).
1) The Hellenist: Rousseau, Schiller, Holderlin, P.
Against Antiochus's machinations to stamp out Judaismand the Hellenists' efforts to eschew traditional Jewish laws and traditions with the modernity of the Syrian-Greek culturerose a clan of brothers of the priestly family of the Hasmoneans: Judah Maccabeus, Jonathan Apphus, Eleazar Avaran, Simon Thassi, and John Gaddi.
This "fundamental criticism" is repeated by many French scholiasts at the end of the sixteenth century, such as Jean de Serres in his commentary accompanying his Latin translation of Plato (1578), or the Hellenist and translator Loys Le Roy who, like Lefevre, produced a commentary on the Politics of Aristotle (Paris, 1568), emphasizing Aristotle's criticisms of Plato in book 2.
It could also be said that the Hellenists were predominantly right in principle and the Christians in fact, at least in a particular sense that can be discerned without difficulty.
The creation in Genesis, engraved by letters, an expression of DAN is an implicit negation of the incestuous emphases of Hellenist myth.
During one of his visits to the home of the Hellenist Victor Berard, he was shown some beautiful photographs of Sicilian temples.
--HD's Her and Asphodel, which made her lesbianism explicit in a way that ran counter to old ideas about her as one of Pound's girls and/or a chiseled, chilled Hellenist: of course those texts had to wait for a lesbian-feminist criticism to appreciate them.
But in the end there is about him, as the famous Hellenist John Finley used to say to undergraduate classes at Harvard, a slightly Rotarian quality that must ultimately yield before Achilles' god-like splendor.
Additionally, the case of the formidable intellectual and hellenist George Gemistos Plethon (sometimes called Pletho), who lived in Mistra and became something of a local cult, perhaps deserves more than the two mentions Page grants him.
Goritz counted the foremost intellectuals of High-Renaissance Rome among his fellow "academicians": Bembo; the renowned poet Filippo Beroaldo the Younger; Castiglione; Colocci; Paolo Giovio; Janus Lascaris (a native of Constantinople, the foremost Hellenist of his age, and an intimate of both Leo and his father Lorenzo "il Magnifico"); Giles of Viterbo; Fausto Evangelista Magdaleno Capodiferro (one of the "festaiuoli" for Roman Carnival celebrations); Sadoleto, who was also Leo's private secretary (von Hofmann II: 124); and many others.