John Heartfield

(redirected from Helmut Herzfeld)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Heartfield, John

 

(real name Helmut Herzfelde). Born June 19, 1891, in Berlin; died there Apr. 26, 1968. German artist, poster artist, and designer.

Heartfield studied at the Munich School of Applied Arts from 1907 to 1911 and at the School of Crafts in the Charlottenburg section of Berlin from 1912 to 1914. In 1930 and 1931 he lived in the USSR, and from 1933 to 1950 he lived in Prague and London. He returned to the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1950. Heartfield created the proletarian antifascist, anti-imperialist photomontage poster. He also worked as a magazine illustrator, a designer for motion pictures, and a book illustrator. In 1957 he was awarded the National Prize of the GDR.

REFERENCES

Tret’iakov, S., and S. Telingater. Dzhon Khartfil’d. [Moscow] 1936.
Herzfelde, W. John Heartfield. [2nd ed.] Dresden [1971].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Born Helmut Herzfeld in Berlin in 1891 to increasingly poverty-stricken political-activist parents, he was abandoned along with his three younger siblings when he was eight years old.
Originally known as Helmut Herzfeld, he took the brave step of adopting the anglicised name John Heartfield during WWI, in protest against being conscripted and forced to fight for a cause he bitterly opposed.