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Helvetia(hĕlvĕ`shə), region of central Europe, occupying the plateau between the Alps and the Jura mts. The name is derived from the Roman term for its inhabitants, the predominantly Celtic Helvetii, who were defeated (58 B.C.) at Bibracte by Julius Caesar in the Gallic WarsGallic Wars
, campaigns in Gaul led by Julius Caesar in his two terms as proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, and Illyricum (58 B.C.–51 B.C.). Caesar's first campaign was to prevent the Helvetii (who lived N of the Lake of Geneva) from crossing the Roman
..... Click the link for more information. . The Helvetii later prospered under Roman rule; their achievements are evidenced by the remains at AvenchesAvenches
, anc. Aventicum, town, Vaud canton, W Switzerland. During the 1st and 2d cent. A.D., Avenches flourished under the Romans as the chief town of Helvetia.
..... Click the link for more information. . Helvetia corresponds roughly to the western part of modern Switzerland, and the name is still used in poetic reference to that country and on its postage stamps.
1. the Latin name for Switzerland
2. a Roman province in central Europe (1st century bc to the 5th century ad), corresponding to part of S Germany and parts of W and N Switzerland