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(hĭlwän`), or


(ho͝olwän`), town (1989 est. pop. 230,000), N Egypt, on the Nile River, opposite the ruins of MemphisMemphis
, ancient city of Egypt, capital of the Old Kingdom (c.3100–c.2258 B.C.), at the apex of the Nile delta and 12 mi (18 km) from Cairo. It was reputedly founded by Menes, the first king of united Egypt. Its god was Ptah.
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; a suburb of Cairo. Manufactures include iron and steel, cement, and textiles; there is a food-processing and automobile industry. Helwan has a metallurgical research center and an astronomical observatory. The town, the site of ancient settlements, is also a health resort, long known for its hot sulfur springs. An ancient burial chamber, one of the largest in the world, was discovered at Helwan in 1946.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Egypt, on the lower course of the Nile; a suburb of Cairo. Population, 203,500 (1966).

Helwan has a fertilizer plant, and nearby is a metallurgical plant, the first stage of which was built with aid from the USSR. Railroad cars, cement, and silk fabrics are also produced. The Helwan necropolis is located 5 km from the city.

Helwan is a climatic and balneological health resort. The climate is dry (annual precipitation, approximately 40 mm), and summers are hot (average July temperature, 35.5°C). Winter is the mildest season, with temperatures averaging 16.6°C in December, 14.8°C in January, and 16.5°C in February.

Treatment includes therapeutic bathing using the beneficial effects of solar radiation, air, and sand. There are thermal mineral springs (25°–33°C), whose hydrogen sulphide chloride-sulfate-sodium waters are used for bathing, drinking, and inhalation. Patients are treated for disorders of the urinary tract, kidneys, parietal musculature, skin, nervous system, and metabolic system. Facilities include sanatoriums, a balneological treatment center, hotels, and tourist hostels.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Federation of Egyptian Banks (FEB) allocated EGP 18.5m to develop two schools in Helwan city, Cairo.
FILE PHOTO: Policemen inspect the site of attack on Mar Mina church in Helwan district on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, December 29, 2017 - REUTERS.
Q: I love oddball firearms, especially surplus, and I recently picked up a Maadi Helwan Brigadier, which is a licensed clone of a Beretta Model 1951.
Created in partnership with Helwan University and Professional Development Foundation (PDF), the program is focused on fast tracking the next generation of hospitality leaders from Egypt by providing them with firsthand experience and a springboard to launch successful careers in the industry.
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan on Monday condemned the heinous terrorist attack on a Coptic Church in Helwan in the south of Cairo, resulting in loss of precious and innocent lives.
Riyadh, Rabi'II 12, 1439, Dec 30, 2017, SPA -- His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince, Vice President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Defense sent a cable of sincere condolences and sympathies to President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi of the Arab Republic of Egypt on the victims of the terrorist attack in Helwan. HRH Crown Prince said "I have learned about the news of the terrorist attack that took place in Helwan, resulted in deaths and injuries, and express my strong condemnation and denunciation of this sinful terrorist act," He further said that "I send you, families of the victims and the people of Arab Republic of Egypt, my most sincere condolences, wishing the wounded a speedy recovery." --SPA 01:20 LOCAL TIME 22:20 GMT
BAGHDAD / National Iraqi News Agency (NINA) Five people were killed and five others were wounded in the terrorist attack on an Egyptian church in Helwan.
Download Death sentence upheld to 8 over storming Helwan police station NNA - The Cairo Criminal Court issued on Tuesday a life imprisonment sentences to 50 persons accused of being involved in the incidents of storming the Helwan police station in 2013.
Education - 2008 PhD, Contemporary Painting Philosophy, Faculty of Art Education, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.
En presence du Premier ministre, Dr Hecham Qandil et du ministre de l'Electricite et de l'Energie, l'ingenieur Ahmed Imam, une convention fut signee avec la Banque Islamique de Developpement (BID) qui a debloque une somme de 250 millions de dollars pour financer le projet de centrale electrique de Helwan Sud.
finance an electricity project south of Helwan with an estimated cost of USD