Hematocele


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hematocele

[′he·məd·ō‚sēl]
(medicine)
Collection of blood in a body part.

Hematocele

 

in man and animals, the accumulation of blood in a limited space (such as between the sheaths of the broad ligament of the uterus). The term hematocele usually designates the accumulation of blood between the tunicae vaginales testis or in the scrotal tissues. Hematoceles are usually caused by injury to the scrotum or chronic hemorrhagic inflammation of the testis. They are manifested by hemorrhages into the scrotal dermis and painful swelling of the testis. Treatment involves rest, application of ice to the scrotum, and sometimes surgery.

References in periodicals archive ?
During the outpatient department visits 3 and 6 months later, abdominal contrast CT was performed, which revealed that the perirenal hematoma and the hematocele had shrunk, and there were signs of liquification.
Under sonography, an extrauterine gestational sac might look like a complex mass very similar to other, more common pelvic masses, such as hemorrhagic corpus luteum cysts, pelvic hematoceles, tubo-ovarian abscesses or remains from pelvic inflammatory disease.
A hematocele caused by acute trauma to the scrotal contents is usually associated with signs of pain.
Value of early operation in blunt testicular contusion with hematocele. J Urol 1988; 139:746-7.
(18,20) Hematocele is the most common finding following trauma, which initially appears echogenic becoming hypoechoic as it evolves.
Hydrocele and more complex fluid collections are easily identified such as epididymal cyst, hematocele, pyocele.
In our patient, the etiology of the hematocele was unknown, in the absence of predisposing conditions or previous trauma.
CONCLUSION: Tumors occurring in the para-testicular region may be clinically indistinguishable from testicular tumors, and other scrotal swellings like organized hematocele, thus resulting in initial misdiagnosis.
Intraoperatively, there were signs of significant periorchitis with adhesions of the testicle to the scrotal wall and a hematocele. A biopsy was sent for frozen section, which confirmed fibrosis and chronic inflammation with no malignancy identified.
The differential diagnosis includes pyocele, hematocele, epididymal cyst, epididymal cystic lymphangioma, varicocele, and rhabdomyosarcoma.
Other findings include irregular, poorly defined borders, scrotal wall thickening, and hematocele (Figure 11).
Conditions like old clotted hematoceles may simulate malignancy clinically and testicular malignancy itself may present as a secondary hydrocele.