hemicellulose

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Related to Hemi-cellulose: pectin, lignin

hemicellulose

[¦he·mē′sel·yə‚lōs]
(biochemistry)
(C6H10O5)n A type of polysaccharide found in plant cell walls in association with cellulose and lignin; it is soluble in and extractable by dilute alkaline solutions. Also known as hexosan.
References in periodicals archive ?
In acidic conditions, oxygenated functional groups of cellulose and hemi-cellulose, usually found in agro-waste materials (like: Citrus limonum peels) get protonated which can adsorb more anionic contaminants easily.
The neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), acid detergent lignin (ADL), cellulose, hemi-cellulose and silica contents of some wild plants are summarized in Table (3).
The microbial biomass protein increases by utilizing the cellulose and hemi-cellulose of the substrate as an energy source for synthesis of protein.
The peaks between 1698.34 and 2000.13 [cm.sup.-1] belong to carbonyl C = O stretching, which indicates the vibration of pectin, hemi-cellulose and lignin carboxyl groups in modified and non-modified cassava and lemon peels.
That's because those sugars are embedded in a complex architectural structure called lignocellulose--cellulose (long, unbranched chains of glucose) embedded in a matrix of more sugars (hemi-cellulose) embedded in the tough, gluelike lignin.
The presence of the right proportion of alpha-cellulose, hemi-cellulose, pectin and lignin was the probable cause of higher rate of mycelium running in jackfruit sawdust.
The RITE-Honda process, newly developed as an integration of the sophisticated bio-technology of RITE and the engineering technology of Honda, paves the way to bio-ethanol production from cellulose and hemi-cellulose, with the potential to significantly increase fuel production.