It is the basic feature of cells to have an epithelial cell-like morphology and clear eosinophilic cytoplasm characterized by pre-melanosomes, hemidesmosomes
and intensive cytoplasmic glycogen gathered with weak intra-cellular connections.
IgA autoantibodies react to components of the hemidesmosomes
and basement membrane.
Under electron microscopy, well-formed desmosomes and hemidesmosomes
together with pinocytic vesicles, plentiful rough endoplasmic reticulum and 6 nanometer microfilaments are seen (11).
Fingerprint changes are less common and appear as concentric lines due to inadequate formation of hemidesmosomes
by the basal epithelial cells and duplication of the epithelial basement membrane.
Other molecules studied by  are plakins, which represent a family of molecules which form the links between filaments, desmosomes, and hemidesmosomes
and plectin is a cytolinker of this family.
Integrin [alpha]6, extracellular adhesion receptors, is located along the dermal epidermal junction and it means the presence of hemidesmosomes
Sertoli cells were connected to each other by intercellular junctions and they were adherent to the basement membrane by hemidesmosomes
The presence of keratinized tissue next to an oral implant presents greater benefits than with natural teeth since the keratinized gingiva has more hemidesmosomes
and hence provides greater strength to the implant soft tissue interface; also, the submerged implant is less likely to become exposed during the healing process.
Under the zonula occludens and forming an axis in an apical-basal direction are three types of adherence junctions: zonula adherens, also known as belt desmosomes; macula adherens, or punctate desmosomes; and hemidesmosomes
The cytoplasmic extensions formed connections with each other, and with connective tissue in the form of hemidesmosomes
The peptide compound hexapeptide-10 has been shown to stimulate the formation of laminin-5, alpha6-integrin, and hemidesmosomes
, (4) vital building blocks of the dermo-epidermal junction that allow it to reconstruct connectivity between epidermal and dermal cells.
It is believed that the pathophisiology of laminitis is related to high degradation of the basement membrane (BM), caused by metalloproteases (MMPs), and/or loss of hemidesmosomes
present in the secondary epidermal laminae.