Hemitragus


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Related to Hemitragus: tahr

Hemitragus

 

a genus of artiodactyls, comprising the tahrs, of the family Bovidae. In general appearance, Hemitragus resembles the true goats. The body is covered with long, coarse hairs, and there is a dense, soft undercoat. The males and females have small sickle-shaped horns that curve backward. The Hemitragus is a gregarious polygamous animal, inhabiting the rocky parts of mountains.

The genus comprises three species, the best known of which is the Himalayan tahr (H. jemlahicus), which is distributed in the Himalayas, from the Pir Panjal Mountains to Sikkim. The body length is about 180 cm, and the tail length, about 10 cm. The animal stands about 100 cm high at the shoulder and weighs about 100 kg. The other two species are found in southern India and in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mae'r gafrewigod yn cynnwys anifeiliaid mor wahanol a'r tahr Himalaiaidd (Hemitragus jemlahicus), defaid Barbari (Ammotragus lervia) a'r alpafr (Capra ibex).
Various animals followed, including hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus), three species of the genus Mustela (stoat, weasel, and ferret), various species of deer (including Dama dama), chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), thar (Hemitragus jemlahicus), hares (Lepus europaeus), rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus), wallabies (Macropus sp.), and the Australian brush-tailed possum (Trichosurus vulpecula).
The Himalayan tahr, Hemitragus jemlahicus, is found in the Himalayas from northern India through to China.
A Review of the Ecology and Conservation Status of the Arabian Tahr Hemitragus jayakari.
La secuencia bioestratigrafica se caracteriza sobre todo por la presencia del ciervo (Cervus elephus), tar (Hemitragus sp.), caballo (Equus ferus) y gamo (Dama sp.), y por un registro mas puntual en determinados momentos de otras especies como el megaloceros (Megaloceros giganteus), el jabali (Sus scrofa), el macaco (Macaca sylvanus), el asno silvestre (Equus hydruntinus), el uro (Bos primigenius), el rinoceronte de estepa (Stephanorhinus hemitoechus), el elefante (Paleoloxodon antiquus), el hipopotamo (Hippopotamus anphibius) y el castor (Castor fiber) (Martinez Valle, 2001; Fernandez Peris et al., 1997).
En relacion a la propuesta ecologica de Perez Ripoll, reconocemos la desaparicion de especies como el macaco o el Hemitragus. Pero desconocemos hasta que punto decrecieron las poblaciones de ciervos, cabras y caballos, ya que su presencia en los yacimientos no permite saber que representatividad tuvieron en su entorno, ni si su menor proporcion respecto a los lagomorfos fue una consecuencia de los criterios selectivos humanos o de una necesidad condicionada por el medio.