Hemodialysis

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hemodialysis

[‚hē·mō·di′al·ə·səs]
(medicine)
The filtering of toxic solutes and excess fluid from the blood via an external membranous coil placed between the blood and a rinsing solution.

Hemodialysis

 

a method of extrarenal purification of the blood in acute and chronic renal insufficiency. During dialysis, toxic metabolic products are removed from the body, and the impaired water and electrolyte balances are normalized. Dialysis is effected by exchange transfusion of blood (simultaneous massive bloodletting with transfusion of the same amount of whole blood), by washing the peritoneum with a salt solution (peritoneal dialysis), and by washing the intestinal mucosa with moderately hypertonic solutions (intestinal dialysis). Use of an artificial kidney is the most effective method of dialysis.

A. P. RZHANOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
The study focused primarily on assessing the serum concentration of IS, predialysis and postdialysis, and its relation to the dialysate-buffering component (acetate versus citrate) in two different modalities of hemodialysis--low-flux hemodialysis and high-flux hemodiafiltration. The RRT procedures used in this study are named ACET-HD, CIT-HD, ACET-HDF, and CITHDF, respectively.
Table 1: Differences between groups of patients according to the manifestation of intradialytic hypertension in a total of 76 subjects in hemodiafiltration (* p < 0.05).
Because of the hemodynamic and technical complication frequency during the neonatal period, continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration is recommended instead of hemodialysis.
This quality improvement initiative will monitor the effects of hemodiafiltration on eight patients at one-month intervals for a total of three months.
Effect of Hemodiafiltration or Hemofiltration Compared With Hemodialysis on Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease in Chronic Kidney Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Trials.
Mion, "Comparison of hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration: a longterm longitudinal study," Kidney International, vol.
Bots et al., "Higher convection volume exchange with online hemodiafiltration is associated with survival advantage for dialysis patients: the effect of adjustment for body size," Kidney International, vol.
The patient underwent continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration for 96 hours after residual blood methanol levels were found.
"We are pleased to have Daron join in a full-time operational role and are committed to growing our water filter business and to commercializing our hemodiafiltration business."
New to this edition is hemodiafiltration, urgent start peritoneal dialysis, and updates on sorbent therapy.