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The filtering of toxic solutes and excess fluid from the blood via an external membranous coil placed between the blood and a rinsing solution.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a method of extrarenal purification of the blood in acute and chronic renal insufficiency. During dialysis, toxic metabolic products are removed from the body, and the impaired water and electrolyte balances are normalized. Dialysis is effected by exchange transfusion of blood (simultaneous massive bloodletting with transfusion of the same amount of whole blood), by washing the peritoneum with a salt solution (peritoneal dialysis), and by washing the intestinal mucosa with moderately hypertonic solutions (intestinal dialysis). Use of an artificial kidney is the most effective method of dialysis.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another group researchers showed that catheter related tunnel infections were seen in three out of nine hemodialysis patients13.
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study from Pakistan to report various infectious complications related to hemodialysis catheters in children with end stage renal disease.
Larger sample size would be required to establish stronger association between hemodialysis and associated blood stream infections.
Unusual malpositioning of hemodialysis catheter into the hepatic veins.
Malposition of a hemodialysis catheter in a hepatic vein.
The mean, standard deviation, and range for participants by age and years on hemodialysis are displayed in Table 1.
Each patient was weighed before and after each hemodialysis treatment.
The rate of fluid adherence represents the percentage of hemodialysis treatments in which the IDWG was 2 kg or less.
Developing a scale for the perception of health and complaints/symptoms in hemodialysis patients: Turkish version.
An educational Project for patients on hemodialysis to promote self-management behaviors of end stage renel disease.
Early nephrology referral is associated with prolonged survival in hemodialysis patients even after exclusion of lead-time bias.
Cephalic vein and hemodialysis fstula: surgeon's observation versus color Doppler ultrasonographic fndings.